One Hundred Years Wars

Essential Question

What impact did the One Hundred years war have on the politics and government in Europe?

Origin Of The One Hundred years War

  • Conflict arose because the line of succession of the French thrown. This conflict was between france and england.
  • English king was vassal for the french
  • In 1328 charles the forth died. he did not have any sons to take the thrown and all of his brothers were dead. he had a sister who had a son named Edward the third. He believed that he should be king of france. But this need happened, a cousin named Philip should be king
  • Edward did not just go away. in 1337 he declared war on Philip and the one hundred year war began

Start Of The Hundred Years War

Map Of Land Changes During The War

Battle Of Crecy

  • An English victory
  • first key battle
  • French invaded England
  • England used longbows  which out powered the french crossbows
  • English killed mounts and many knights fell
  • Philip and his troops retreated
  • Important because after this all the other battles were fought on french land
  • This caused a lot of french deaths on the french side

Battle of Agincourt

  • English Victory
  • England was having internal issues so Henry decided that a war would stop it
  • launches invasion in 1415
  • Once again longbows used by the English were to powerful for the french
  • this battle reopened the one hundred years war
  • launched a second France invasion two years later

Joan of Arc

  • French peasant who led French to victory in the siege of Orleans(French victory and the turning point in the war)
  • When she was 12 she heard a saint tell heard to dress like a man, drive out England and help prince gain french thrown
  • she helped win the battle which gave France hope that they could beat England
  • in 1429 she was captured
  • was burned for hearsay and witchcraft

So who won the war?

During the one hundred years war both France and England won  important battles. But as the saying goes you can win the battle but not the war. In this case England won more of the battles but lost the war. In 1453 France captured the English King which lead to the victory of the french.

Political And Govermental  Impact Of The ar

  • Forced two countries who were very similar to act different to try and not be like the other. In doing this changed their culture
  • France developed an efficient tax system and also development a standing army
  • The wars also gave both countries nationalism which helped drive both to fight and believe what they were fighting in.
  • After the wars gave both France and England an identity and both knew who they were again.
  • Shaped the both the governmental and political feature to look more modern day
  • Both also received war tactics for wars and battle that would face them

Quiz

Go to think link and then Put in the class code 284482d0

Critical Thinking Question

What do you think might  of happened if Joan Of Arc did not ever come into the war? Would the outcome of the war be the same or different?

Essential Question

What impact did the One Hundred years war have on the politics and government in Europe?

Conclusion

The Won hundred years War was a war bought between the french and the English. The fighting started Because they did not know who should be the rightful king of France. Also the English king was a French vassal. Then over the next 116 years they fought. Joan Of Arc came in the middle of the war and really turned the war around for France. She was later burned to death because of "witchcraft". The french ended up winning the war. The war gave both France and England new political and govemental factors. But most of all, the One hundred years war gave both an identity.

Bibliography

"Joan of Arc." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Davis, Paul K. and Stanley Sandler. "Hundred Years' War." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.Davis, Paul K. and Stanley Sandler. "Hundred Years' War." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Davis, Paul K., and Stanley Sandler. "Battle of Crécy." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Battle of Crécy." Photos/Illustrations. Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, France/The Bridgeman Art Library. World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014

"Joan of Arc." Photos/Illustrations. Imagno/Getty Images. World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Battle of Crécy, 1346." Map. 100 Decisive Battles: From Ancient Times to the Present. World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Sizgorich, Tom. "France." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Emmons, Jim Tschen. "England." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

Stockdale, Nancy. "Normandy." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

"Battle of Agincourt." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.

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