Threats to the Humboldt Penguin are humans because we are fishing and taking too many fish and without fish penguins can't live. Another threat is rats because they eat Humboldt Penguin eggs. Humboldt penguins are listed as Vulnerable on the Red List. Within the next 10 years, Humboldt penguins might be extinct if conservation efforts fail. What we can do is make reserved areas so people don't steal fish from them.