End of European Royalty

By: Grace Kamholz Period 5, May 20

King George V (United Kingdom)

- Married Princess Mary of Teck (she was the granddaughter of George III)

- Had six children

- Queen Victoria died and Edward VII took over the throne, so George V became direct heir to the thrones

- King George V took over the throne during the middle of a constitutional crisis in Britain

- Parliament rejected Lloyd George's annual finance bill so King George V granted permission to create new peers

- As a consequence of this, the Parliament Act of 1911 cut back the power of the Lords, including their right to veto government bills

- During WWI, King George V was visiting the Western Front and he broke his pelvis by being rolled over by a horse

- He changed the family name from Saxe-Coburg-Gotha to Windsor

- George V realized that a unity government was needed, so he asked major political parties to enter into a temporary government coalition

- The British relationship with its colonies greatly changed, so the British Commonwealth of Nations was formed in 1931

- King George V died on January 20, 1936 and was known for embodying diligence and duty


Franz Ferdinand (Austria-Hungary)

- He was very unpopular because he proposed to replace the Austro-Hungarian dualism government with "Trialism" (a triple monarchy where the Slavs would be equal to the Germans and Magyars)

- Franz also wanted to create federalism between the 16 states

- Franz Ferdinand went to visit Sarajevo (the capital of Bosnia) to inspect army maneuvers

- Bosnia was a province of Austria-Hungary, but Austria annexed the provinces in 1908; this upset western governments

- Serbia wanted the provinces to be part of a Serbian led pan-Slav state

- A Serbian terrorist group (the Black Hand) assassinated Franz Ferdinand and his wife, Sophie, during their visit to Sarajevo

- This was an excuse for Austria-Hungary to take military action against Serbia; and this resulted in the outbreak of World War 1


Emporer Franz Josef I (Austria-Hungary)

- 18-year-old Franz Josef I became the Emperor of Austria in 1848 after his father renounced his right to the crown

- Austria's relationship with Russia was damaged as a consequence of Austria's withholding of support during the Anglo-Russian Crimean War

-Russia entered an alliance with France and Britain to fight against Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy

- Italy was growing in strength and size, which led to the loss of Austria-Hungary's Italian possessions

- Germany rose to dominance after it's successful war with Austria, which made Austria the weaker of the two German powers

- Austria and Hungary agreed to form a dual monarchy where both countries were equal partners; Franz Josef was its monarch

- Under the terms of the agreement, Hungary retained control of its own internal affairs

-Franz Josef I intended to grant a form of self-government to the Austrian Slavs, but the German and Magyar politicians (who ran the country well) opposed it

- Franz Josef I failed to make changes, which increased dissatisfaction with Austrian Czechs and Serbs and weakened the country's relationship with Russia

- Franz Josef I declared war after Serbia quibbled with one of the Austria-Hungary's demands, but he left his military officials in charge of the war

- Emporer Franz Josef I reigned over Austria-Hungary for over 66 years before his death