Tariffs of 1828 and 1832
Ordinance of Nullification
The Tariff of 1828, also known as the "Tariff of Abominations", widened the divide between the North and South by raising tariffs on low price imported goods. This problem was largely remedied by actions taken in the Tariff of 1832, which lowered tariffs put in place by the Tariff of 1828. The Ordinance of Nullification is related to these tariffs because it declared both of them null within the borders of South Carolina, thus weakining federal power, and strengthening the power of individual states. After the Ordinance of Nullification, the Compromise Tariff was proposed to alleviate conflict caused by the Ordinance of Nullification. The main action contained in the Compromise Tariff was the lowering of import taxes for the decade after it was passed, and this led to the Force Bill being enacted by Jackson to force South Carolina to complywith import laws. The Force Bill, in essence, cancelled all action taken by Congress during the Nullification Criss, thus cancelling the effects of the Ordincance of Nullification.
All in all, the conflit described characterizes the growing tension between the state governemnts and the federal governemnt, and tensions between the North and South
- The Fort Hill Address: On the Relations of the States and the Federal Government, by Calhoun, July 1831
- 22nd U.S. Congress