The largest cat species
Height: 3/3 ½ feet (.9 - 1.1m) at shoulders.
Length: Head and body length 4.6 - 9.2 (1.4 - 2.8m) feet (tail length 2-3 feet (.6 - .9m).
Weight: The Siberian tiger is the largest subspecies and males weigh from around 400-675 lbs (181-306 kg), while the Sumatran tiger, the smallest living subspecies, weighs in from around 220-310 lbs (100-136 kg).
Females of all tiger subspecies are smaller than males.
Lifespan 10-15 years
- Subspecies of the tiger include the Sumatran Tiger, Siberian Tiger, Bengal Tiger, South China Tiger, Malayan Tiger and Indochinese Tiger.
Tigers mainly eat deer, wild pigs, buffalo, antelopes. They also hunt sloths, dogs, leopards, crocodiles, phytons, monkeys and hares.
Tigers in numbers
Today there are only 3000-4000 tigers in the world. Tigers are found in South and Southeast Asia, China and Russia (Far East).
Tigers are mostly active at night.Tigers use their body weight to knock prey (saak) to the ground and kills with a bite to the neck. They are also very good swimmers and have been known to kill prey while swimming.
There are usually 3-4 cubs in the tiger family.
Cubs follow their mother out of the den at around 8 weeks and become independent at around 18 months of age. They leave their mothers at about 2 ½ years. Mothers guard their young from wandering males that may kill the cubs to make the female receptive (vastuvõetav) to mating.
A group of tigers is known as an ‘ambush’
Tigers are good swimmers and can swim up to 6 kilometres.
Tigers have been known to reach speeds up to 65 kph.
There are more tigers held privately as pets than there are in the wild.
Tigers that breed (sigima) with lions give birth to hybrids known as tigons and ligers.