Biotic: living PLANTS ANIMALS Paper birch Lynx fire snag Bear Williow Grey wolfs Wild rose Moose
Abiotic: non living 1.Extreme variations of temperature
2.Heavy snow fall
3.Poor and leached podzolized soils
6.wind and cold thin air
A wolf feeds off of other animals big and small but if they are not there the wolf population will die off. The wolves food need to have food,water,shelter and space but if there limiting factors(water,fire and temp.) keeping the wolves food from having the 4 things they need to have cause the wolves to die too or if a big snow storm came and some animals didn't have shelter they would die and if they had young ones they would be able to survive by them self.
Wolves had made the elks population go down over the years. It helps the wolves survive but the have been feeding on more elk than anything if they keep doing this eventually the elk population will die out in the specific area.