WARM UP: Start with the evens of D p.193. You have 5 minutes to try it on your own, and then we will go over it.
Comparative: When comparing 2 things in English we use the comparative form of an adjective. To do this we add '-er' to the end of the adjective or precede it with 'more'
**To form the comparative of most Latin adjectives we use the ending '-ior' for the masculine and feminine and the ending '-ius' for the neuter form.
*EG: The comparative for pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum 'beautiful' is pulchrior (masculine), pulchrior (feminine) andpulchrius (neuter) 'more beautiful'.
*Apart from the nominative singular ending of '-ior' or '-ius', these forms decline like third declension nouns.
When we compare more than two things in English we often use the superlative form of an adjective.
*To do this we add '-est' to the end of the adjective or precede it with 'most'. EG: most beautiful or prettiest
**To form the superlative of most Latin adjectives we use the ending '-imus' for the masculine form, '-ima' for the feminine form, and '-imum' for the neuter form. The formation of the central stem of the superlative depends on the type of adjective.
**EG: The superlative for pulcher, pulchra, pulchrum 'beautiful' is pulcherrimus (masculine), pulcherrima (feminine),pulcherrimum (neuter) 'the most beautiful'.