THE STEPS INVOLVED IN FABRIC PRODUCTION !!!!
TWISTED FIBERS MAKE YARN
1. Fibers are usually twisted together and spun in to yarn The characteristics of spun yarn depend, in part, on the amount of twist given to the fibers during spinning. A fairly high degree of twist produces strong yarn; a low twist produces softer, more lustrous yarn; and a very tight twist produces crepe yarn. Yarns are also classified by their number of parts. A single yarn is made from a group of filament or staple fibers twisted together. Ply yarns are made by twisting two or more single yarns. Cord yarns are made by twisting together two or more ply yarns.
WOVEN OR KNITTED
yarns are either woven or knitted to perform or get a perfect pattern
- Knitted fabrics are produced on huge knitting machines that “knit” different yarns together. These machines use exactly the same hand knitting method to make fabric. They knit a row of plain and a row of pearl at the speed of light to create a “stocking stitch” effect. You’ll see the familiar stocking stitch pattern on knitted items if you look closely. All knitted fabrics stretch. T-shirt fabric, sweatshirt fabric, knitwear (fabric that sweaters and cardigans are made from), jersey, mesh, toweling, felt and La Coste fabric are examples of typical knitted fabrics.
- Woven fabrics are produced on huge looms that “weave” different yarns together by interlacing threads both horizontally and vertically. Woven fabrics do not stretch unless Lycra, elastic or spandex fibers are woven into the fabric at the same time. This is how button down shirts and jeans get their stretch. Linen, denim, cotton twill, satin, chiffon, corduroy, tweed and canvas are examples of typical woven fabrics.
DYEING FABRICS MORE APPEALING
Dyeing ProcessDyeing is the process of imparting colors to a textile material through a dye (colour). Dyes are obtained from flowers, nuts, berries and other forms of vegetables and plants as well as from animal and mineral sources. These are known as natural dyes.
The other class of dyes is known as synthetic dyes. These are based on a particular type of chemical composition. Some of these dyes are- Acid ( Anionic) dyes, Basic ( Cationic) dyes, Neutral- Premetalized dyes, sulfur dyes, vat dyes, reactive dyes,pigment dyes etc.
Paint the base color and allow it to dry completely before glazing.
To create the Fabric Finish, you will need a handheld whisk broom, dry brush or other implement and a six inch mini roller.
TIP:A dry whisk broom will create a basic line effect. The softer the brush, the less distinct the pattern. On smooth walls, a notched trowel or scarifier will create bolder patterns. A light touch will create a delicate look while applying pressure will make the pattern more pronounced.Step 3
To prepare the BEHR Faux Glaze, you will combine four parts glaze to one part BEHR Paint. For example, in an average sized room, you will use one gallon of BEHR PREMIUM PLUS WITH STYLE Faux Glaze and one quart of PREMUIM PLUS ULTRA Paint and Primer in One or PREMIUM PLUS Paint. Stir the paint and glaze mixture thoroughly.
Dip a quality 2"-2½" wide nylon/polyester brush into the color glaze mixture from the bucket. With your brush, paint (cut in) around the perimeter of your working surface. Start at a top corner and continue along the ceiling and around the baseboards.
repeat Steps until project is finished !!! Good Luck