Ancient Southeast Asia

The Pagan Kingdom, the Khmer Empire, Trading Kingdoms, and Vietnam

The Pagan Kingdom ruled from 840-1200. Their leader was Anwratha. The Pagan Kingdom was a monarchy. Most Pagans practiced Buddhism as their main religion.


The Khmer Empire was an absolute monarchy that took place between 802-1431. They had an agricultural economy based on rice and farming communities. They practiced Buddhism, just like the Pagans, and also practiced Hinduism.

Some major trading kingdoms were Mali, Ghannan, and Songhai. Gold export was the main item traded throughout these kingdoms. The trade was majorly influenced by religions such as Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduism.

Trương Tấn Sang and Nguyễn Tấn Dũng were major leaders during the time of ancient Vietnam. They followed the Khmer Empire by mainly obtaining agricultural communities. During this time, they also developed customs still practiced by the Vietnamese today.

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