By Jamison Tyson
So what is genetic engineering?
Genetic engineering is the use of science to change certain characteristics in genes for a desired result.
Techniques and method
There are many type of techniques and methods used for Genetic engineering. These methods include:
-Recombinant DNA - Takes a certain gene and isolates it. From there it clones itself using vectors and these vectors, once there is enough, gets inserted into plasmids.
-Plasmids - A circular piece that contains the new genetic material.
-Vectors - Viruses that become the carrier and cloning virus for the new genetic material.
-Electro and chemical poration - Uses chemicals to make pores open in the selected cell to insert the specific gene needing to be replicated
-Biolistic Method - Taking silver particles that are coated with the genetic material are inserted into the cell.
-Microinjections - taking a fine needle and inject the gene into the host cell's nucleus.
Solving Crime and taking names
- Also known as genetic fingerprinting or DNA profiling, is a way of identifying certain individuals by using their fingerprints, blood, hair, or other material left at a particular area.
Tools to help Identify genetic disease!
- A genetic markers is a alteration in your DNA that could identify a particular disease or disorder that could develop.
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"What is DNA fingerprinting?." wiseGEEK. 2003-2013: n. page. Print. <http://www.wisegeek.org/what-is-dna-fingerprinting.htm>.
"What can your spit tell you?." HowStuffWorks Inc.. (1998-2013): n. page. Print. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/life/genetic/spit-dna3.htm>.