Mr. Menna History 2P7
My topic is: Prime Minsters in the 20th Century
Sir Wilfrid Laurier
Sir Wilfid Laurier was the Prime Minister from July 11th 1896 till October 6th 1911. He was born November 20th 1841 and died February 17th 1919, at the age of 77.
Sir Wilfid Laurier encourage the building of the Transcontinental Railway, while in he was Prime Minister of Canada.
Sir Wilfid Laurier helped Canada accomplish unity between the people at a time of worsening culture conflict. Sir Wildrid Laurier made changes to the development of Canada by supporting the construction of another transcontinental railway. He also encouraged people to move out west, to the neighboring country's.
Sir Robert Laird Borden 1911 - 1920
Sir Robert Laird Borden was Prime Minister from October 10, 1911, to July 10, 1920. He was born June 26, 1854 and he died June 10th 1937, at the age of 82.
Robert Laird Borden was a Canadian lawyer before he rain for Prime Minister. He introduced Canadian income tax as a temporary trial. Borden participated in the Treaty of Versailles. Robert Laird Borden also sent soldiers that came back from the war to help stop the Winnipeg General Strike.
Canada had a different reason to be at the conference where the treaty was negotiated, Canada was there to make progress in the fight to gain independence from Great Britain.
Sir William Lyon Mackenzie King
1921 - 1930
Sir William Lyon Mackenzie King became Prime Minister on December 29,1921 till August 7, 1930. He was born on December 17,1874 and he died July 22,1950 at the age of 75.
In 1926 he created the Old Age Pension. This pension is for elderly that can not work anymore, this way they would still be able to pay for house and daily needs. this pension started at $20 per month or $240 per year.
On February 15,1930 Cairine Wilson was appointed to senate. She was the first women to be appointed to senate. Prime Minister William accepted this change and encouraged women to participate in politics. Also to involve themselves in the community.
Sir William Lyon Mackenzie King
1931 - 1940
This contact applied to all who did not have a job and couldn't find one. Families with many children and only 1 parent working needed this extra support to get basic essentials.
April 25th 1940, Quebec gave women the right to vote and to be candidates. Quebec was not the only one to give women the right to vote, the first Canadian Provence was Manitoba.
Sir Louis St. Laurent
Sir Louis St, Laurent became Prime Minister on November 15 1948. He was born February 1st 1882 in Compton, Quebec. Louis died on July 25 1973 at the age of 91.
In 1951 The Indian Act was changed. Key customs were banned, like wearing pot-latches, pow-wows or other cultural ceremonies were no longer allowed to be preformed.
During this time period, the government allowed Natives to posses and drink alcohol only on their reserves. If they were caught with alcohol off the reserves they would be arrested.
Sir John Diefenbaker
1961 - 1970
Sir John Diefenbaker was the prime minister from 1961 to 1970. He was born on September 18, 1895 in Neustadt, Ontario. Sir John died August 16, 1979 at the age of 83.
Sir John Diefenbaker rejected the pressure coming from the American government. He and the other members of parliment found it unsafe for Canada to have U.S missiles placed on Canadian soil.
The United States Of America ask Canada to help them fight the Vietnam war. Sir John rejected the pressure, and said no for a second time.
Pierre Elliott Trudeau
1971 - 1980
Sir Pierre Trudeau was the Prime Minister of Canada from 1917 till 1980. the was born October 18, 1919 in Montreal, Quebec and died September 28, 2000 at the age of 80.
The Foreign Investment Review Agency is a federal agency formed by Sir Pierre Trudeau in 1973. All because of concerns about foreign presence in the Canadian economy.
Sir Pierre Elliott Trudeau wanted to stop all U.S connections with Canada, which had an impact on our economy.
Sir Brain Mulroney entered into office September 17 1984. He was born in March 20, 1930 in Baie-Comeau, Quebec. He is still alive to this day
Apartheid regime was a racial group that separated the black and white. This was used to enforced legislation by the National Party. The Canadian Prime Minister opposed this because he felt it was bad for this country to be involved in racial conflicts.
The Oka Crisis was a dispute was between was between Mohawk men and the people of Oka ,Quebec. This began on July 11, 1990 and lasted until September 26, 1990.
Jean Chretien only became Prime Minister in 1993. He was born on January 11, 1934. Mr. Chretien is still alive (age 81),
Goods and service tax was introduced. The old prime minister Brian Mulroney and Mr. claimed the GST was implemented because the MST was hindering the manufacturing sector's ability to export competitively.
Jean Chretien only became Prime Minister in 1993 to 2000