A Brain Disorder
Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that distorts the way someone thinks, acts, expresses emotions, and perceives reality. The word "schizophrenia" actually means "split mind" and it requires lifelong treatment. People usually go to a mental health doctor if others see them acting strangely. Men's symptoms start in the mid 20s, women's in late 20s. It is uncommon for children to be diagnosed and rare for anyone over 45. There are many different symptoms such as delusions. People believe things that aren't even true, or in reality. Then there are hallucinations. Hallucinations are when they see or hear things that don't exist. There is also disorganized thinking where their answers to questions can be off subject or misunderstood. People with schizophrenia have extremely disorganized and abnormal behavior. They have childlike silliness to unpredictable agitation. The can be resistant to instructions, bizarre posture, useless response and movement. Most have a lack of emotion, don't make eye contact, don't change facial expressions, not adding head and hand movements to show emotions, and speaking kind of at the same tone. Some symptoms in teenagers are that they withdraw from friends and family, have a drop in performance in school, have trouble sleeping, a depressed mood, a lack of motivation, and compared with adults, they are less likely to have delusions, but more likely to have visual hallucinations. The causes of schizophrenia are mainly genes and environment but there is no exact cause of it. The illness occurs in 1% when it comes to the general population but if there were relatives involved with it, then it is 10%. The common medications for treatment are Chlorpromazine, Haloperidol, Perphenazine, and Fluphenazine. Childhood experiences can increase the risk of schizophrenia, such as brain injury. Pregnancy complications like infections or even stress and depression are also risks, as well as drugs.
You should see a mental health doctor if you want to find out if you have schizophrenia. One of one hundred human beings have this disorder. If schizophrenia runs in your family: do not use drugs, avoid abusive situations, be social for enjoyment and self esteem, learn how to manage stress, take good care of your body, nutrition and plenty of exercise will help.