The Olmec Civilization

From 1200 BC to 400 BC


The Olmecs were polytheistic worshipers, mainly of nature-based gods such as the god of rain, earth, fertility, and maize. The jaguar being the main motif and symbol of all these gods.

Social Classes

There were two main classes of the Olmec civilization, the higher class containing priests and nobles, and the lower class, consisting of outliers.

Economy/ Trade

The Olmecs had a wide range of trade of the modern Mexico City to Honduras. Their main cash crop was maize, and the whole civilization was mainly focused on their economy

Art/ Architecture

Pyramid Made By

The large structures the Olmecs contructed were made up to 44 tons of clay and stone. Their artists made massive pyramids and giant man-made mounds which were dated back in 1150 BC


Area of the Olmecs

The Olmecs settled on the Gulf Coast of Mexico next to many rivers and dark woods. The woods provided much needed wood, and even though there was heavy rain as much as 100 inches a year, the soil was very fertile



The Olmecs revolved around their agriculture. Having very fertile soil made growing their main crop, maize, easy to grow and trade for other goods they  needed.


Mayan Temples Heavily Influenced By the Olmecs

The Olmecs were models for later civilizations to settle due to the outstanding designs for buildings, and art styles they had possessed. Not many achievements were made by the Olmecs.


The government was ruled by the upper class, containing priests and  


Although the Olmecs' civilization ended in 400 BC, there was no recorded event that could have led to the fall of their great civilization.


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