Feudal Japan

Mr Harvey's Class Red Block 4

1. Feudalism is a form of government (structure)

2. The weak central government could not control fighting among the daimyo (powerful land owners). Lawlessness led small landowners to become vassals (often recieved land from the daimyo and in return for this, the vassal offered military service to the daimyo) of the daimyo for protection.

3. Ancient Japan had three main froms of art. They wrote with brushes and ink on paper, this influenced society at that time period because they considered writing as a way to express beauty. They arranged flowers and gardened, this impacted society at that time because it was very prescise and the gardeners tried to emphasize simplicity in their gardens to show the natural beauty of nature. The Japanese also wrote poems in a shorter form of poetry called Haiku that was developed by the Japanese society, this impacted their society because it is so presice and mostly about the reflective spirit of Zen, which comes from nature to experience the beauty of this writing.

4. The Emporer was the symbolic ruler of Japan (The emporer had no real power, as he was mostly a figurehead). The Shogun was the head of the military government of bakufu (Recieves title from the emperor with the power to oversee national affairs). Daimyo or lord of a domain, was a powerful warlord to control over territories (The strength was often determined by domain's tax that was based upon rice production). The Vassal, who is loyal to the Daimyo, is based on the Daimyo (Recieves fiefs or rice stipends from the Daimyo, and is comparable less to the Daimyo). The Bugyo is appointed by the Shogun to oversee a specific government post, a large city, or region. The Daikan or intendant is appointed by the Daimyo or Shogun to collect taxes and oversee administration of local regions. Last the Shoya or village headman was a commoner appointed by the Daimyo or the Shogun to represent the bakufu at the village level.

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