Jordan is a middle eastern country situated between Saudi Arabia, Syria, Iraq, and Israel. After years of ruling by Britain, Jordan gained its independence in 1946. Since then, Jordan has succeeded in maintaining a healthy and prosperous country, but there are still three main issues that must be brought to light to find a resolution.
The first issue that has been recently effecting Jordan is Syrian refugees coming into Jordan. For those that are unaware, Syria has been going through an uprising which has lasted years, and is still ongoing. Recently, hundreds of thousands of Syrians have been fleeing to neighboring countries to seek refuge from their troubled Syria, one of them being Jordan. This is a big problem for Jordan since this enormous, rapid increase in population is taking a huge strain on the country's economy, infrastructure, and social services. Housing prices have tripled because of the increase demand for more homes, schools are becoming more crowded, and hospitals and water systems are becoming strained with the overwhelming amount of refugees. Furthermore, tensions are starting to unfold between the Jordanians and the Syrians, as Jordanians believe that their government is putting the Syrian refugees at a higher priority than their own citizens. This tension can result in another Arab Spring which would not be good for nobody. Now, before things get any worse, the spilling over of refugees must be controlled as soon as possible, before one of the most stable countries in the region, become one of the most unstable. Long-term solutions must be met. Resolutions that can help the situation is requesting aid that is met from other counties like the US to help improve health, education and other public services used by Syrian refugees in Jordan. Also, Syrians should be better integrated into Jordan by changing work permits to allow Syrians to find legal work, and even to start their own local businesses. This will help aid in stabilizing Jordan and bringing it back up to speed. Foreign aid is also extremely important to stabilize Jordan's issue. Having other countries in Europe or even the US and Canada, accepting Syrian refugees will help with the issue. This issue must be helped in the above ways, or Jordan's problem, and Syrian war will spill over to other countries and possibly destabilize the entire middle east.
The second issue that Jordan has been facing is their sustainability of their water supply. Jordan's existing water supply cannot meet the needs of its growing population, which has since doubled from 2014-2030 and something must be done. Affordable but clean water is essential to keep a healthy population and for further economic growth. Things have not been looking good for the future of Jordan. Even in 2014, there was a shortage of water which is limiting businesses to go global, and the cost of water discourages Jordanians to start up businesses in Jordan. Jordan has to start investing into its future or things are only going to get worse, such as their water sector, education, health and economic growth. There are possible resolutions though. Reusable technologies must be put into place, since every drop must be used and reused if there is any hope in solving this water shortage problem. No drop of water can go wasted or unused. Jordan has already gone underway some help such as having As-Samra Wastewater Treatment Plant increasing Jordan's water supply, but time will tell if this is enough. As-Samra though is impressively the first public-private partnership for a wastewater treatment facility in the middle east, so it shows promising change. Working together with private sector companies clearly shows a difference too, and can help Jordan become more prosperous, and improve the lives of millions of Jordanians. So there is hope for Jordan's water supply.
The last issue that Jordan has been facing is Jordan Valley and Israelis keeping their place there. For those who don't know Israel, after the 1967 Six-Day War, Israel took military control of the West Bank and East Jerusalem, which both parts are part of Jordan. To this day, Israeli troops have remained, and thousands of Israelis have settled there. Israel has insisted that their troops will remain there indefinitely. Palestinians would love to have access to this area since is allows for trade and travel with Jordan and the wider world, which is excellent for them, but they do not want Israel to have a presence there. Israel wants to keep their presence there though, because it is an extremely powerful and strategic location which can allow Israel enemies to have an upper hand, therefore Israel will remain to protect themselves. The US have helped make proposals to come to a resolution. For example they proposed to have a limited number of Israeli troops, around 1,500, while the US set up surveillance and intelligence technology to help. Another proposal was to have Israel troops removed but, still have the area watched over by Israelis remotely using technology. Both these proposals though, just could not be met by both nations, especially since Palestinian were not happy with them. Palestine also simply will not accept any Israel military presence in the Jordan Valley, and want a withdrawal as soon as possible. Israel though will not accept those terms, so it is extremely difficult situation, which Jordan has to take since the land is part of their country, and was never even annexed by Israel, so Jordan has a great responsibility to it. Many right-wing leaders in Netanyahu's (the current prime minister of Israel) coalition government in Israel even want Israel to annex the area. But who knows what will happen. Jordan must help with the issue of their own land, and come to a resolution that will leave all happy.
In conclusion, Jordan the prosperous state that it is, needs a little more help. It has some major issues that need fixing. Without these fixings, the state will not be able to get to the point of greatest that the potential provides. With possible resolutions lingering,there is no doubt that Jordan will see them, and put them into action.
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