The Aquatic Biome

By: Jordan B. Wright

About Aquatic Areas

The aquatic biome can be separated into two different regions, known as freshwater and marine. Freshwater regions are more commonly known as lakes, rivers, streams, etc. while marine regions are commonly known as oceans or estuaries. The aquatic biome takes up at least 75% of the Earth's biosphere. So this biome is spread all over our beautiful planet! These regions house a vast amount of  plants animals of all kinds. Most species are unable to sustain themselves without water, thus making the aquatic biome one of the most important regions in the world. Although the air temperature of an aquatic region is cooler than the average, the aquatic areas are more humid.

Weather and Climate

Since the aquatic biome is the largest in the world, it's climate widely varies. The range is all the way from -40 degrees fahrenheit to over 100 degrees! Although the average temperature is 39 degrees it can also depend on location. For example, areas near the equator are going to be higher in temperature than areas near the north and south pole. This is because sunlight is not directly in contact with these cooler areas, resulting in freezing water, or glaciers. In addition, deeper water will be cooler since there is no direct sunlight contact.

Since the aquatic biome is made entirely of water, the water cycle runs much faster than the average. Also, the average yearly precipitation can equal up to over 100 inches.

Here is a chart of the aquatic biome's sea surface temperature.

Plants and Animals

Listed below are the different types of plants that live in the aquatic biome.

-Sea lettuce (found in oceans)                                                                                                 Sea lettuce is recognized as a large food source.

-Water lily (found in ponds)                                                                                       Besides looking pretty, waterlilies create protection and shade for fish, and they provide   a resting spot for frogs and dragonflies.

-Eelgrass (found in estuaries)                                                                                                 Eelgrass proves a highly structured habitat from loose and shifting sands, and   provide food, shelter and protection from predators.

Listed below are the different types of animals that live in the aquatic biome.

-Great white shark                                                                                                                   The great white shark inhabits warm coastal waters throughout the world's oceans.

-Loggerhead sea turtle                                                                                                           The loggerhead sea turtle is an endangered species. :(

-Blue whale                                                                                                                             The blue whale is the largest animal in existence!

Aquatic Biome Map

               James Clemens High School | Ms. Lilavois | 2nd Block | 04-01-15

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