Salmonella
by Kennedy Ellis

Salmonella is a rod-shaped, gram-negative bacteria caused by salmonella bacterium. It is also referred to as Salmonellosis.

Salmonella bacteria lives in the intestines of people, animals and birds. Most people are infected with salmonella by eating foods that have been contaminated by feces. Commonly infected foods include: Raw meat, poultry, and seafood.

Factors that may increase your risk of salmonella infection include activities that may bring you into closer contact with salmonella bacteria and health problems that may weaken your resistance to infection in general. Increased exposure meaning traveling internationally, owning a pet because some pets, particularly birds and reptiles, can be infected with salmonella bacteria.

The incubation period, or the time from ingestion of the bacteria until the symptoms start, is generally 6 to 72 hours; however, there is evidence that in some situations the incubation can be longer than 10 days. People with salmonellosis usually recover without treatment within 3 to 7 days.

Symptoms of salmonellosis include diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps. They develop 12 to 72 hours after infection, and the illness usually lasts 4 to 7 days. Most people recover without treatment. But diarrhea and dehydration may be so severe that it is necessary to go to the hospital

Salmonella outbreaks are scary. Some cases are serious, some are even deadly. About 500-1,000 cases per year may result in death.

Cook poultry, ground beef, and eggs thoroughly. Do not eat or drink foods containing raw eggs, or raw (unpasteurized) milk. If you are served undercooked meat, poultry or eggs in a restaurant, don't hesitate to send it back to the kitchen for further cooking.

This video explains the symptoms of salmonella and how to prevent getting salmonella.

This video explains how there could be a intracellular infection caused by salmonella.