Types of Ecosystems

Rainforest Ecosystem- They are the ecosystems in which an abundance of flora, or plants, is seen so they have a big number of organisms which live in relatively small space.

Desert Ecosystem- The extremely high temperature, low water availability and intense sunlight, fauna and flora are scarce and poorly developed. The vegetation is mainly shrubs, bushes, few grasses and rare trees.

Grassland Ecosystem- The area mainly comprises grasses with a little number of trees and shrubs. The main vegetation includes grasses, plants and legumes that belong to the composite family.

Mountain Ecosystem- Mountain land provides a scattered and diverse array of habitats where a large number of animals and plants can be found. At the higher altitudes, the harsh environmental conditions normally prevail, and only the treeless alpine vegetation can survive.

Aquatic Ecosystem- The aquatic ecosystem is the ecosystem found in a body of water. It encompasses aquatic flora, fauna and water properties, as well. There are two main types of aquatic ecosystem - Marine and Freshwater.


Decomposer- Organisms that break down dead or decaying organisms.

Consumer- A person or thing that eats or uses something.

Ecosystem- A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.

Producer- Organisims that make or create their own food.

Food chain- A system of interacting organisms where larger organisms feed upon smaller organisms and works as a chain where the sun is the main energy source.

Biotic- Is a system of organisms that is relating to living organisms like plants or animals.

Abiotic- Means that there is areas that are characterized by the absence of life or any living organisms.

Adaption- A change or the process of change by which an organism or species becomes better suited to its environment.

Biotic and Abiotic Factors in a Wetland Ecosystem

Abiotic features of wetlands include the climate of the wetlands, water, light, rocks and minerals, and soil. Biotic features of wetlands include plants, animals, bacteria, and all other living organisms. Some examples of the animals are reptiles, birds, amphibians, insects, and mammals.

Wetland Ecosystem Food Chain

Energy enters the ecosystem in solor energy. Arrows in a ecosystem represent the energy transfer between the two organisms.

Elimination of an Element

If one of the elements in the food chain were to go away (by disease, or habitat) the consumer that gains energy from that element will most likely not receive enough energy that they will either die or have to look for another energy source. This will cause many consumers that consume this source of energy to die of disease and move to a different habitat to survive.

Positive Effects of Wetlands

Because wetlands slow the flow of water down, they are able to filtrate it. Wi­thout that momentum, the water travels around plants and vegetation more slowly. As a result, suspended sediment drops out of the flow.

Wetlands Helping Flood Protection

Wetlands will act as a sponge, and slow down the speed of the surface  water, rain, snowmelt, groundwater, and flood water. Trees and other wetland vegetation will also help flooding by evenly distributing the water over the flood plain.

Protection from Shore Erosion

Wetlands will protect the shoreline from erosion since the shore will be held together from roots in a wetland. Also, wetland will resist the energy of waves and break up the current of rivers.

Habitat for Wildlife in Wetlands

Wetlands will provide habitat for wildlife because it is a very common breeding ground for fish and it is also where fish will raise their young. It also provides much food and shelter for many different species for their survival. Many other species will use wetlands as food and resting and if they were not a wetland there, then they would most likely go extinct. For some plants and animals, wetlands are the only place that they can live.

Benefits of Wetlands

Some other benefits of wetlands are that they offer many natural products such as plants, hunting and medicine. There are many fishing products that are harvested from wetlands for a very large profit. It will also be used for hunting, fishing, bird watching, and photography.