First Conditional


Estas actividades se realizaron con el fin de ser utilizadas en un aula de lengua extranjera “Inglés”, donde se esté estudiando Primero Condicional. Estructura utilizada si ciertas condición, situación o circunstancia es verdadera, entonces sucede un resultado específico.


Se espera que los alumnos sean capaces de:

  • Escribir oraciones en Primero Condicional.
  • Leer y comprender oraciones en Primero Condicional.
  • Reconocer en textos escritos u orales oraciones donde se utilice esta estructura.


Alumnos de 5° Año A y B de Colegio Liceo Cultural Docente


5 clases


Utilizamos el condicional 1 para hablar de una posibilidad real en el futuro; es decir, de una acción que es posible que ocurra en el futuro siempre y cuando se cumpla la condición.

Este condicional tiene dos partes: “la condición” y “el resultado”.

  • -If you come to the party, you will meet my sister. (Si vienes a la fiesta, conocerás a mi hermana)
  • -If she gets home late, I will be very angry. (Si ella llega a la casa tarde, estaré muy enejado)

La condición:

  • If you come to the party, (Si vienes a la fiesta,)
  • If she gets home late, (Si ella llega a la casa tarde,)

El tiempo verbal que utilizamos para la oración condicional es el presente simple -“you come” y “she gets”- (Para mayor información sobre este tiempo verbal puedes ir a la lección sobre el presente simple en inglés)

El resultado:

  • You will meet my sister. (Conocerás a mi hermana)
  • I will be very angry. (Estaré muy enfadado)

Estas frases utilizan el futuro con WILL acompañando de la FORMA BASE DEL VERBO-“will meet” y “will be”-. (Puedes ir a la lección sobre el futuro con WILL)

Podemos cambiar el orden de la oración sin alterar el significado:I will help you if I have time. (Te ayudaré si tengo tiempo)

Concept Map: First Conditional


Complete the sentences

  1. If Britney Spears (hit) …………… the paparazzi, she (be) ……………. in a serious trouble.
  2. If he (listen) …………… to the teacher, he (understand) …………… the lesson.
  3. If you (touch) …………… the owen, you (burn) …………… your hand.
  4. If she (break) …………… the window, her parents (pay) …………… for it.
  5. If they (go) …………… to the cinema, they (enjoy) …………… the movie.
  6. If he (be) …………… intelligent, he (solve) …………… the problem.
  7. If you (go) …………… to the party, I (go) …………… with you.
  8. If he (knock) …………… the door, I (not talk) …………… him.
  9. If she (need) …………… a favour, I (do) …………… it.
  10. If your car (be) …………… broken, the mechanic (repair) …………… it.

Write the verbs in the correct form
John: Can't you stop playing the piano?
Dan: Well, if I (not practise) __________ , I will fail my exam next week.
John: But why at night? If you (play)___________ in the morning, I (not hear)___________you because I'm at work. But you never play in the morning! If I (know) ___________about the piano, I (not take) ____________you as a flatmate last September. If you (practise) ____________quietly, it (be) ____________much better.
Dan: But I can't play the piano quietly.
John: If I (know) ___________that, I (choose)___________ someone else for the room. Anyway, if you (not find) ___________ a solution soon, I (complain) to the police.

Put the words in the correct order


  • you / you'll be / tonight if / work / tired / all day


  • make / this afternoon if / together / I can / dinner / we / a cake


  • if Patrick / at the airport / comes, I / him up / will / pick


  • whoever / I'll / want / date / I


  • musn't / he finish / come / if / late / he

Match the sentences to make first conditional sentences

  1. (Even) It rains. We will go swimming.
  2. You want to come. You will be welcome.
  3. He can win the first prize. He finishes the competition.
  4. The tree cover the window up. They may cut it down.


1. If I pass / I will pass the exam, I will be very happy

2. You won´t / don´t learn anything if you don´t listen

3. If you call me before lunch, I will let / let you know

4. You get / will get a cold if you don´t take a jacket

5. If the weather is good tomorrow, we go / will go for a picnic

Song: Fix You by Coldplay

  • Cut the photocopy into strips as indicated. Instruct students to scatter the pieces in front of them, so they can read them easily.
  • Play the song at an appropriate speed to suit students' ability.

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

And I will try to fix you.

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

And ignite your bones

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

Could it be worse?

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

High up above, or down below;

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

If you never try you'll never know,

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

What you are worth.

#- - - - - - - - -- - - -

Lights will guide you home

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

Stuck in reverse.

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

When the tears come streaming down your face,

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

When you feel so tired, but you can't sleep,

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

When you get what you want, but not what you need,

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

When you lose something you can't replace,

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

When you love someone, but it goes to waste,

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

When you try your best, but you don't succeed,

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

When you’re too in love to let it go,

#- - - - - - - - - - - - -

Talking Task

  • Negotiations

The first conditional is often used in sentences like “If I give you a lift to the station, will you lend me your car for the rest of the day?” This can be made more fun by asking them to make up sentences that they are sure their partner will accept or reject (e.g. depending on the cards they have been given). They could also be given a list of things they want from their partner with points for each thing they can get them to agree to, with the person from each pair who gets the most points at the end of the game being named the best negotiator.

  • Election Question Time

Students prepare their election promises in groups and then stand up and present them with sentences like “If you vote for us, we will cut taxes by 50%.” After they finish, the members of the other parties can ask them tricky questions with the first conditional like “What will you do if that doesn’t give you enough money to keep all the hospitals open?” They then finish with a vote in which they are not allowed to vote for their own party.

.Chain stories

One student says a future plan, e.g. “I’m going to have a barbeque at the weekend.” Someone else in the class predicts a consequence of that, e.g. “If you have a barbeque this weekend, you will be annoyed by wasps or mosquitoes.” Someone else then continues the story with something like “If you are annoyed by wasps or mosquitoes, you’ll start swatting them with a newspaper.” This continues for a fixed number of stages or until they reach an interesting conclusion.

Reading Comprehension

A. What mythical characters do you know? Make a list and compare your answers to see who knows the most.

An ancient ‘Fortune Teller'

A. In pairs, make a short list of the sources people use to find out about their future today.

B. Discuss as a group the problems that might arise from people going to fortune tellers.


All civilizations have gods for different values. For example, in the Ancient Greek civilization Demeter was the goddess of …

Look at the pictures and in small groups decide what these gods or goddesses might represent. Discuss your answers with the rest of the class.

In Ancient Greece people went to the Oracle in Delphi to ask the Pythia to tell them their future. Today, people still want to know what will happen in their future.


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