By Gene Petruzzi
The Early Life of Albert Einstein
Albert was born on March 14, 1879 in Ulm, Germany. Albert was born into a middle-class Jewish family. His dad was an engineer and a salesman. Albert went to
elementary school at the Luitpold Gymnasium in Munich. He excelled in his studies. He also enjoyed classical music along with playing the violin. He struggled with the rigid Prussian education he received there. He also had a speech difficulty where he would pause to think about what he would say next.
Albert went to ETH Zurich for college. He rarely went to classes depending on the notes of others to pass tests. Albert spent most of his time in the school library reading and thinking. Albert Einstein was so disliked by his professor that his professor did not even give him any job recommendations. But Albert didn't care. He just kept to himself in the school library reading physics books. Then the day came that Albert finally got his degree and became a theoretical physicist.
Jobs and Contributions
Albert was a theoretical physicist. But he also became a professor at Princeton University in Princeton, New Jersey after he immigrated to the United States in the fall of 1933. Albert had many contributions to science including the following:
The Photoelectric Effect
The photoelectric effect posed a significant challenge to the study of optics in the latter portion of the 1800s. It challenged the classical wave theory of light, which was the prevailing theory of the time. It was the solution to this physics dilemma that catapulted Einstein into notability in the physics community, earning him the 1921 Nobel Prize.
Brownian movement or motion- irregular motion exhibited by minute particles of matter when suspended in a fluid. Named after botanist Robert Brown.
Read more: Brownian movement | Infoplease.com
The Special Theory of Relativity
In the year 1905, Albert Einstein published the theory of special relativity, which explains how to interpret motion between different inertial frames of reference — that is, places that are moving at constant speeds relative to each other.
- The Interchangeability of mass and energy
- E=mc^2 (energy=mass*speed of light squared)
Personal Life and Achievements
Albert had two children, Hans Albert and Eduard. Einstein was considered the most influential physicist of the 20th century. His rewards, medals, and achievements include the following: Royal Astronomical Society gold medal, Honorary Doctorate from University of Rostock, Princeton, University of Madrid, ETH, Oxford, and Harvard, Franklin Institute- Ben Franklin Medal, German physical society- Max-Prank award, order "Pour le merite" admission, Nobel Prize in Physics 1921,Element (einsteinium) named after him, Albert was also asked to be president of Israel but declined.
The Later Years
Albert detested the use of the atomic bomb. He fought against the use of it. He was also proclaimed to be the most accomplished Jew in history by a newspaper in Israel. But sadly, Albert Einstein, the greatest theoretical physicist, passed away in 1955 at the age of 76. His brain was surgically removed from his head, without any consent of his family, and brought to Princeton University to store in a jar for future neurological studies. Albert's brain is now in the Princeton medical University.