The Amendments

By Brynne Keeney

1. Prohibits laws that limit or outlaw religion, speech, press, the freedom to assemble, and the freedom to petition.

2. Gives the right to keep and bear arms

3. Prohibits the quartering of soldiers without the owner's censent during peacetime

4. Gives protectiong from unwarrented searches or seizures

5. the right to a grand jury, protects against self-incrimination, requires due process of law.

6. Gives the right to a fair and speedy public trial

7. Gives the right of trial by jury

8. Prohibits excessive fines/bails and cruel/unusuall punishment

9. Protects unenumerated rights, like the right to secular education

10. Makes loose contructionism legal

11. The amendment specifically prohibits federal courts from hearing cases in which a state is sued by an individual from another state or another country. This protects states from certain types of legal liability, and is called “sovereign immunity.”

12. Replaces the old way of choosing the Vice-President, where the person with the second-most votes becomes Vice-President, with a new process that allows campaigning presidents to choose their would-be Vice-President.

13. Abolished slavery and involuntary servitude

14. Grants African Americans citizenship

15. Gave African American citizens the vote

Amendments 1-4 closely relate to causes of the Revolution or ideas established during the revolution.

Amendments 5-8 relate to court cases and punishment.

Amendments 9-11 deal with federal power and rights (citizen and state).

Amendments 13-15 relate to abolishing slaver and granting the freedmen rights/ the vote.

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