History of the Atom
Tiffany Ramirez & Nicole Fouts
384 B.C.E - 322 B.C.E
-Aristotle borrowed the four elements theory; earth, fire, water, air from Empedocles.
-Their character and behavior are completely determined by what Aristotle identified as their formal and final causes.
-He argued against the concept of atoms. He thought the world was made of matter.
- His research on plants and animals is indeed remarkable for its depth of detail.
-The overall system of zoological classification (taxonomy) he constructed remained in effect until the great Swedish biologist Linnaeus in the eighteenth century.
-One of Aristotle's most persistent contributions to science, and indeed the core of his physics, was his theory of the elements, which endured until the end of the eighteenth century and the dawn of the chemical revolution.
-Born in Circa 384 B.C in Stagira, Greece.
-When he turned 17 he enrolled in Plato's Academy.
-He founded his own school, The Lyceum in Athens.
-He died after he left Athens and fled to Chalics.
-He was a pre-Socratic philosopher and pupil of Leucippus.
-Democritus and Leucippus propose the idea of the atom an indivisible particle that all matter is made of. (440B.C)
-Democritus lived from 460 B.C to 370 B.C.E.
-Democritus thought the world as being composed of very tiny "uncut able" particles which he called atomoz or atoms.
-Believed that atoms are infinite in numbers and come in different sizes and shapes.
-Some people consider him the father of modern science.
-As a wealthy heir, he is believed to have spent his inheritance on travel in order to learn from other cultures "scholars".
-He has been to Greece, as far as India to the east and Ethiopia to the south.
-He did not want kids because their education interferes with philosophy.
-He thought ill of women.
-"Teleology of Aristotle." World Eras. Ed. John T. Kirby. Vol. 6: Classical Greek Civilization, 800-323 B.C.E. Detroit: Gale Group, 2001. 346-348. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 13 Oct. 2014.
-Schummer, Joachim. "Physics: Aristotelian Physics." Scientific Thought: In Context. Ed. K. Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 2009. 759-768. In Context Series. Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 13 Oct. 2014.
-"Aristotle." Bio. A&E Television Networks, 2014. Web. 13 =5">Oct. 2014.