Southeast Asia

The Pagan Kingdom

            The Burmans established the kingdom of Pagan in 840, at a place called Myanmar. It was located in the fertile Irrawaddy river valley. The king Anawrahta ruled from 1044 to 1077. He united Myanmar and provided Pagan many trading ports, allowing the kingdom to prosper. They were a Buddhist culture and they built many great temples. The Pagan kingdom, like many of its time, lost its power to the Mongols.

Khmer Empire

           The Khmer Empire gradually conquered its neighboring kingdoms in the early 800s. The Kingdom reached its height between 850 and 1220, when it controlled much of the Southeast Asian Mainland. Khmer was similar to India in that they were Hindu and Buddhist and the Emperors ruled as gods. Even their capital in Angkor represented the Hindu universe with a temple at the center. They also built many grand temples and buildings. The afforded these building projects by the profitable rice farming done in the kingdom.

Trading Kingdoms

             The Trading Kingdoms were a series of islands to the south of the mainland. Sailendra was a prosperous kingdom on the island of Java from about 750 to 850. They were Buddhists and created many great buildings and temples. On the island Sumatra, the Srivijaya Kingdom flourished from 600 to 1200. It even controlled part of the Malay Peninsula and Bornea. They adopted Hinduism and Buddhism and integrated them into their local beliefs.


Vietnam is different than many Asian Kingdons in that is was influenced more by china than India. That is because the  kingdom Nam Viet, early Vietnam, was conquered by China in 111 BC. China controlled Vietnam off and on for about 1000 years. Vietnam adopted the Chinese language as well as Daoism and Confucianism. They also used a Government similar to China's bureaucracy. They also adopted Buddhism along with its art and architecture. Vietnam always wanted to rebel against China, and they finally succeeded after the Tang Dynasty fell.

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