Is It Oral Cancer?

By: Blaze Bolton

Oral cancer is a form of cancer that grows inside the mouth including the lips.  Most cases of oral cancer originate from the flattened cells that make up the lining of the oral cavity.  The symptoms of Oral Cancer are, lumps or thickening in the oral soft tissue, soreness or a feeling that something is caught in your throat, difficulty chewing or swallowing, ear pain, difficulty moving the jaw or tongue, hoarseness, numbness of the tongue or other symptoms.What may cause Oral Cancer is smoking, chewing tobacco, taking snuff, both heavy and regular alcohol consumption, heavy smoking combined with heavy drinking, too much sun exposure, regularly chewing betel nuts, exposure to certain chemicals.

 

Prezi of Cell Cycle

Stages of Oral Cancer

4 stages of Oral Cancer:

  1. The cancer is less than two centimeters in size and has not spread to the lymph nodes yet.
  2. The cancer is more than 2 centimeters in size, but less than 4 centimeters, and has not spread to lymph nodes in the area.
  3. Either of these may be true:The cancer is more than 4 centimeters in size. The cancer is any size but has spread to only one lymph node on the same side of the neck as the cancer. The lymph node that contains cancer measures no more than 3 centimeters .
  4. Either of these may be true:The cancer has spread to tissues around the lip and oral cavity. The lymph nodes in the area may or may not contain cancer. The cancer is any size and has spread to more than one lymph node on the same side of the neck as the cancer, to lymph nodes on one or both sides of the neck, or to any lymph node that measures more than 6 centimeters . The cancer has spread to other parts of the body.
  5. Metastisis: The spread of cancer to one part of the body to another

Treatment Options for Oral Cancer

Treatments for Oral Cancer stages one and two: Surgery or radiation therapy for stages one and two. For cancers of the floor of the mouth, front of the tongue, inside of the cheek, gums, and hard palate, surgery is the main treatment. Lymph nodes in the neck may be removed to check for cancer spread. If the cancer does not appear to have been completely removed by surgery or if has a high risk of coming back based on how the cancer cells look under the microscope, radiation may be added.

Treatments for Oral Cancer Stages three and four: Stages III and IV include larger cancers, those that have grown into nearby tissues, and those that have spread to nearby lymph nodes in the neck. These cancers are often treated with a combination of surgery and radiation. Surgery is often done first and includes removal of neck lymph nodes (lymph node dissection).

Radiotherapy: is a treatment which uses high-energy beams of radiation which are focused on cancerous tissue. This kills cancer cells, or stops cancer cells from multiplying.

Chemotherapy: is a type of cancer treatment that uses drugs to destroy cancer cells.

Survival

Survival Rate: Lip: 93%, Floor of the Mouth 75%, Tongue 78%

All stages combined equal up to 50% survival rate.

Stages one and two are 80-90% survival rate

Stages three and four are 30-50% survival rate

Remission: A temporary recovery

Oral Cancer Diagram

This is a diagram of where Oral Cancer may be found.

Oral Cancer Screening

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