~ A type of learning in which one learns to link two or more stimuli and anticipate events
Ivan Pavlov discovered the benefits of this technique
Pavlov presented a neutral stimulus (tone) just before an unconditioned stimulus (food in the mouth). The neutral stimulus then became a conditioned stimulus, producing a conditioned response
The NEUTRAL STIMULUS, after conditioning, becomes the CONDITIONED STIMULUS
The UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE, after conditioning, becomes the CONDITIONED RESPONSE
Real Life Example
Acquisition: The Initial stage when one links a neutral stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus begins triggering the conditioned response
Extinction: The diminishing of a conditioned response when an unconditioned stimulus does not follow a conditioned stimulus
Spontaneous Recovery: The reappearance after a pause of an extinguished conditioned response.
Generalization: The tendency once a response has been conditioned for stimulus similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses.
Discrimination: the learned ability to distinguish between a conditioned stimulus and stimuli that do not signal an unconditioned stimulus.
John Garcia and Robert Koelling
While researching the effects of radiation on lab animals, they recognized that rats began to avoid drinking water from the plastic bottles in the radiation chambers. They soon concluded that they the rats had been classically conditioned. They had linked the plastic-tasting water (CS) to the sickness (UR) which was triggered by the radiation (US).
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By: Marissa Gifford and Sarah Blanchard