Facts I learned about Health!

Mia Leone, Period 8

The Endocrine System

  • A problem of the endocrine system is a over active and a under active thyroid gland
  • The endocrine system is made up of many glands
  • The chemicals secreted by the endocrine glands are called hormones

Male Reproductive System

  • The Male Reproductive System includes the semianal vessicles, prostategland and cowpers glands, urethra, penis, testes, scrttum. vas defernes, epididymis
  • During puberty, the testes produce testosterone and sperm
  • Problems of the reproductive system is injury to the testes, testicular cancer, hernia, sexually transmitted diseaeses (STDs)

Female Reproductive System

  • The feamle reproductive syystem contains the ovaries, the fallopian tubes, the uterus,endomertrium, cervix, and vagina
  • Functions of the female reproductive system is to store egg cells, create offspring, give birth
  • New life is formed through the process of fertilization

Menstruation

  • The menstrual cycle egg cells mature and are realeased by the ovaries in a proccess called ovualion
  • if an egg is not feritlized, the uterus lining breaks down and is shed by the body through menstruation.
  • The menstrual cycle last from 5-7 days and happenes every 28 days

Pregancay and Labor

  • A fetus is a developing baby from the end of the eighth week after fertilization until birth.
  • Genes are units of heredity that determine which traits, or characteristics off spring inherit from their parents.
  • A normal full term pregnacy last 9 full months or 36-38 weeks

STD's

  • Sexually transmitted diseases appear among 15 to 19 year olds
  • STD's an cause birth defects
  • Most STD's are spread through sexual contact.

HIV/AIDS

  • AIDS is a deadly disease that interferes wuth the body's natural ability to fight infection
  • HIV is spread with contact with the sperm, fluid from the vagina, blood and breast milk
  • There is no cure for HIV or AIDS, drugs that slow down the progress of HIV infection are costly and have serious side effects

Abstinance

  • The best way to avoid getting and STD is to abstain from sexual activity
  • When practicing abstinence try not to be alone on a date, participate in group activities, communicate your limits to the date, know how respond to pressure.
  • Learning the facts about STDs can help you make a commitment to practice abstinance

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