Natural Fibers

Fibers from plants or animal sources

  • Staple fibers: Lower quality, short fibers.
  • Filament fibers: Long, continuous fibers of higher quality.
  • Protein fibers: Fibers derived from animals or insects.
  • Protein fibers: Fibers derived from animals or insects.
  • There are many kinds of Textile Industry Terms

  • Fiber: The smallest unit in a textile fabric.
  • Yarn: A group of fibers twisted together to form a continuous strand.
  • Fabric: Any material that is made by weaving, knitting, braiding, knotting, laminating, felting, or chemical bonding.
  • Hand: The way a fabric feels to the touch.
  • Denier: Thickness or diameter of a fiber.
  • Microfibers: Ultra fine, soft, luxurious fibers possessing the same desirable qualities as expensive natural fibers but costing less and requiring less special care.
  • CAD (Computer Aided Design): Computer system software used for designing textiles, fashion, apparel, and other products.
  • Textile Processes

    Fabric Painting - Fabric paint is a type of paint which is specifically designed for use on textiles. It is often used to create custom craft projects, and is also used on a commercial scale to apply patterns and decorations to textiles

    Weaving- form (fabric or a fabric item) by interlacing long threads passing in one direction with others at a right angle to them

    Quilting Process - the sewing of two or more layers of material together to make a thicker padded material.

    Sewing Process- the craft of fastening or attaching objects using stitches made with needle and thread

    Spandex Fiber and its Production Image of your animalYou're a mantis shrimp!Mysterious and beautiful, you’re not afraid to use your powerful claws to attack, stun, and dismember prey.

    Process- a synthetic fiber that has an exceptional characteristic of elasticity due to which it is also known as elastane. It is lightweight, soft, strong and very stretchable.

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