Josip Broz Tito
Josip Broz Tito
Josip Broz Tito was born May 7, 1892 in the Croatian village of Kumrovec. He was the seventh of 15 children, born as a Roman Catholic. His father Franjo Broz was a blacksmith. His mother Marija, was Slovene. After spending a part of his Childhood with his grandfather in Podsreda, he returned home to Kumrovec to attend school. Broz was drafted in to the Austro-Hungarian Imperial army. In May of 1914 he was sent to Ruma. There he found his calling as spreading anti-war propaganda. In 1915 he was arrested and imprisoned.
In 1937 the Comintern assigned to him the reorganization of the Yugoslav Communist party, and in 1941 he emerged as a leader of Yugoslav partisan resistance forces after the defeat and occupation of Yugoslavia by the Axis Powers. It was then that he adopted the name Tito.
Map of Yugoslavia
In 1920 Josip Broz Tito joined the communist party of Yugoslavia. Later he would become the Union organizer. In April 1927 the attention of Broz was caught by the Soviet Union Communist party through Soviet influence. He position was raised to deputy of the Politburo of the Communist party of Yugoslavia (CPY) Central Committee and named leader of the Croatian and Slovenian committees. In 1935 Josip went to the USSR where he served in the Communist International's Balkan section. After only a year Broz won the confidence of USSR dictator Joseph Stalin. He was named secretary of the CPY and returned to Yugoslavia to rebuild the party.
The Yugoslavian government was pressured by the Axis powers and they Initially resisted, but later joined March 25, 1941. On March 27th the government was overthrown by a pro-Western military coup in Belgrade, aborting Yugoslavia's alliance with the Axis. It seemed almost immediate the Axis invaded Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia would surrender April 18, 1941.
Moving up in popularity Broz would eventually win a rigged election in 1945 to become the Prime Minister in 1945 until 1953 when he became President. In 1963 he was named President for life. He remained the president of Yugoslavia until his death in 1980.
Domestic Priorities: He wanted communism for his people, but not like Stalin or Lenin. He wanted his people to have a different life.
Foreign Policies: Negotiations with Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt and Jawaharlal Nehru of India in June 1956 led to a closer cooperation among states. Before his death Broz had been eclipsed by new member states, such as Cuba, that conceived of nonalignment as anti-Westernism.
Broz was known as a man with stubborn courage, always ready to fight and endure hardship, to risk death for what he believed in.
The Country of Yugoslavia once ruled by their Communist leader Josip Broz Tito has fallen. In 2003 the government collapsed due to bankruptcy which has occurred since Broz's death in 1980. Modern day Yugoslavia is now Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Kosovo, Montenegro, and Macedonia.
Josip Broz Tito while working for the USSR