Math III 4.6
#29

Kathryn W

"Your friend is using Descartes's Rule of Signs to find the number of negative real roots of x^3 + x^2 + x + 1 = 0. Describe and correct the error."

"P(-x) = (-x)^3 +(-x)^2 + (-x) +1

= -x^3 - x^2 - x +1"

"Because there is only one sign change in P(-x), there must be one negative real root."

  • In Decartes's rule of sign, the number of negative real roots of p(x)=0 is either equal to the number of sign changers between consecutive coefficients of p(-x) or is less than that by an even number.

This problem is wrong because she changed p(x) to p(-x) when it should've stayed positive. When she switched the signs it made x^2 a -x^2. In addition to the error, it would've had three sign changes instead of one if the p(x) would have stayed a positive.

First you need to count the number of sign changes in the equation p(x) to find out the number of possibilities..

The equation:

Sign changes:

According to the rule, if there are 3 sign changes and if its odd.. you use 3 and count by odd numbers to zero.

Therefore, it is 3 or 1 negative real roots.

#31

A gardener is designing a new garden in the shape of a trapezoid. She wants the shorter base to be twice the height and the longer base to be 4 feet longer than the shorter base. If she has enough topsoil to create a 60ft^2 garden, what dimensions should she use for the garden?

First Brace..

Sentence 2..

Plug in the information to the formula:

solve.

Height= 5

Base1= 14

Base2= 10

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