Jim Crow Laws
Separate Is Not Equal
The Jim Crow Laws were a series of laws that were established in the reconstruction period that basically segregated blacks in all public aspects, such as restaurants, bathrooms, housing, transportation, etc. The Jim Crow Laws also eliminated all of the rights they obtained that they obtained from the 14th and 15th amendments.
The original enforcers of the Jim Crow Laws were the KKK. The KKK was lead by Nathan Bedford Forrest, the confederacies most decorated cavalry general. They enforced these laws by going on a series of murderous campaigns of terror against black and republican sympathizers.
During the late 1800's a case known as Plessy vs Ferguson came to the supreme court which created a law that made segregation legal in the U.S., as long as it was considered "separate but equal." While most states in the north did not choose to abide by this law, most southern states jumped to the chance to segregate the white public from the, then considered"inferior", blacks.
Some of the first things that became segregated were transportation, restaurants, schools and eventually every aspect of human life for someone in the south. When the supreme court decided to make separate but equal legal they made all of the American sacrifices during the Civil war worthless. Luckily by the 1950's everything changed.
Throughout the 1950's, there were a number of cases that started popping up that began to challenge the Jim crow laws. Cases like Brown vs. board of education, that ruled separate schooling by race to be unconstitutional.
In 1963, over 200,000 people gathered in Washington D.C., to protest the Jim crow laws and what they stood for. This gathering became known as the march on washington. And the marches overall goal was to dramatize the Jim crow laws, and to show their distaste and hate towards these laws. This movement being led by Martin Luther King Jr.