Battle of Brown's Mill
Battle of Brown's Mill began July 30,1864 just three miles of the outskirts of Newnan. Colonel Ashby's men, directed by General Joe Wheeler, ambushed McCook's advance guard and drove the Yankees into the woods. McCook believed that he was completely surrounded and told his subordinate, Colonel John Croxton, to "take command and do the best you can." McCook suffered heavy casualties and Wheeler got reinforcements. General Robert Anderson arrived with 400 Confederate calvarymen. At the same time, General Roddey marched up with 1,000 dismounted calvarymen. All these troops charged the Yankee lines and crowded them back.
By late afternoon, McCook declared the situation was hopeless. They abandoned dozens of dead and wounded soldiers and headed south. As the came near Brown's Mill, McCook ordered to Colonel Joseph Dorr "This retreat must be protected." McCook and his troops disappeared and Colonel Dorr remained behind to fight and the had to surrender to the Confederates. McCook and his 1,200 troops were captured near the Chattahoochee river by Wheeler's troops and they went to Confederate prisoner of war camps in Macon and Andersonville.
The Battle of Brown's Mill changed the course of the Atlanta campaign. It forced Sherman to begin a lengthy siege instead of just cutting off Atlanta's railroads. The confederates kept Atlanta's vital supply lines open.
Sherman's Horsemen, David Evans