Argentina

By: Sofia Bailon

Argentina is a county in Latin America. Its capital is Buenos Aires. The major language that is spoken is Spanish. It is the official language. Its population is 41.45 million

Climate &

Geography

Summer in Buenos Aires (months of January and February) is quite hot and humid, while winter is damp and chilly. Rain falls throughout the year, from 100 cm per year (39 inches) in Buenos Aires to less than 50 cm (20 inches) in Mendoza in the foothills of the Andes. Average annual temperatures range from 24°C (75°F) to 11°C (51°F) in Buenos Aires (sea level) and Córdoba (420m/1270ft), and 24°C (75°F) to 8°C (46°F) in Mendoza (820 m/2484ft).

One major land form of Argentina is the Pampas, one of the largest fertile plains in the world, covers almost one third of Argentina's land area. Another land form is the Patagonia it displays huge forests, size able mountains valleys, and many cold-water lakes. Argentina is also home to impressive Iguazu Falls, and over 250 additional waterfalls of size. The major rivers include the Colorado, Negro, Paraguay, Parana, Salado and Uruguay.

Culture

The type of government in Argentina is a presidential system, federal republic, constitutional republic, and a representative democracy. Their major religion is Roman Catholic. Typical foods are Dulce de leche, a popular national spread used to fill cakes and pancakes, eaten over toast, and as an ice cream flavor. Most regions of Argentina are known for their beef-oriented diet. The music of Argentina is known mostly for the tango, which developed in Buenos Aires. Folk, pop and classical music are also popular. Sports can be in team sports such as association football, basketball, field hockey and rugby union, and individual sports such as boxing, golf, tennis and rowing. Pato, the national sport, is not very popular.

Facts

The flag: The Argentine flag colors’ meaning is disputed. Some say the white represents silver. Early conquistadors named the country Argentina after the Latin word Argentinum, meaning silver, thinking that the region contained vast amounts of the precious metal. The blue bands may represent the sky, the waters of Argentina’s Rio de la Plata, or the blue used by the Spanish royal house of Bourbon on their coat of arms. The sun is a human face wearing a neutral expression inside a gold disc with straight and wavy rays emitting from its center. The sun, named el sol de mayo(the sun of May) after Argentina’s May revolution, which eventually lead to the nation’s independence from Spain, is a national emblem. Argentine coinage dating back to 1813 has an image of the same sun, as does the Uruguayan flag (differing only in the amount of rays), and early versions of the Peruvian flag.

Native animals: The mammals in these regions include several species of monkeys, jaguars, pumas, ocelots, anteaters, tapirs, peccaries, and raccoon's. Indigenous birds include the flamingo and various hummingbirds and parrots. In the Pampas are armadillos, foxes, martens, wildcats, hare, deer, American ostriches or rheas, hawks, falcons, herons, plovers, and partridges; some of these animals are also found in Patagonia. The cold Andean regions are the habitat of llamas, guanacos, vicunas, alpacas, and condors. Fish abound in coastal waters, lakes, and streams.

Travel tips:

1. Money- Argentina has a lot of corruption within its monetary system. It is important not to carry large bills and to examine the bills that you are spending and receiving.

2. Transportation- There are several different methods of transportation within Argentina, each with their own pros and cons. The first is the subway. The subway is easy, and cheap. Taxis are also inexpensive, but if you speak English, it is likely that you will be taken on a longer, more scenic route. The bus system is also very easy. Although it is typically only used by the locals, it is great because there are so many available buses.

3. Weather- As Argentina is located on the southern hemisphere, it is important to study weather patterns before packing for your trip. This could mean the difference between needing a jacket or searching everywhere for an air conditioner. Air conditioners are scarce, so much so that cab drivers will advertise when they have it.

4. Food & Water- Beef is a staple item on any Argentinean menu. Unfortunately, for the vegetarians out there, it will be difficult to avoid getting meat on your plate. And vegans, everything is covered in cheese. For everyone else, get ready to expand your palate to all of the wonderful flavors!

5. Things to Avoid- Avoid demonstrations. Even though Argentina has a relatively stable political sector, demonstrations are frequent and can become dangerous. Avoid them altogether.

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