10 July 1509- 27 May 1564 (54 years)
John Calvin lived in France and Switzerland.
As Martin Luther's successor as the preeminent Protestant theologian, Calvin was known for an intellectual, unemotional approach to faith that provided Protestantism's theological underpinnings, whereas Luther brought passion and populism to his religious cause.
He was the first of 4 sons who survived infancy.
By the age of 12 he was employed by he bishop as a clerk and received tonsure. Around 1525 his father withdrew him from the College de Montaigu and enrolled him in UNiversity of Orleans to study law. He attended University of Bourges in 1529. His father thought he would make more money as a lawyer rather than a priest.
He experienced a religious conversion in 1533. In 1536, he published the landmark text Institutes of the Christian Religion, an early attempt to standardize the theories of Protestantism. Calvin lived in Geneva briefly, until anti-Protestant authorities in 1538 forced him to leave. Calvin used Protestant principles to establish a religious government; and in 1555, he was given absolute supremacy as leader in Geneva.
In the first five years of his rule in Geneva, 58 people were executed and 76 exiled for their religious beliefs. Calvin allowed no art other than music, and even that could not involve instruments.
John Calvin was the reason for an increasing popularity of Calvinism in the 1500's
Calvinistic ideas consist of-
Total depravity: all people are naturally sinful
Unconditional election: God has predestination (decided and elected certain people)
Limited atonement: not universal; only for predestined
Perseverance of the saint
Today the Reformed movement hosts its own publishing imprints, conferences, and bloggers, even as TULIP remains divisive in the Southern Baptist seminaries where it has blossomed over the past 15 years. The nation’s Supreme Court is stacked with Calvinistic ideology.
People often say that "it was meant to be" this is a Calvinistic idea.