Expository Texts

Nonfiction Unit

During this unit, we will be reading, analyzing, and drawing conclusion about nonfiction and expository text.

Non-fiction - writing that is based on facts, real events, and real people, such as biography or history

Expository text – written to inform or describe in order for readers to gain information

This week, we will be reading and writing about expository text that explore topics focused on Earth Science. First up, the Komodo Dragon, the largest, deadliest lizard alive today!

Mt. Everest

Mount Everest is literally located at the top of the world, rising 29,035 feet above sea level. As soon as it was crowned the world's tallest mountain, people inevitably had to climb it.

The Amazon Rain Forest

The Amazon rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world, covering over five  and a half a million square kilometres (1.4 billion acres).

  • Over half of  the Amazon rainforest is located in Brazil but it is also located in other  South American countries including Peru, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Guyana,  Bolivia, Suriname and French Guiana.
  • 10% of the  world’s known species live in the Amazon rainforest.
  • 20% of the world’s  bird species live in the Amazon rainforest.
  • It is home  to around 2 and a half million different insect species as well as over 40000 plant  species.
  • There are  also a number of dangerous species living in the Amazon rainforest such as the  cougar, jaguar and anaconda.
  • While the protection of the Amazon rainforest  remains an issue, deforestation rates have been reducing while areas of conserved  land have been increasing over the last 10 years.
  • In both 2005 and 2010 the Amazon  rainforest suffered severe droughts that killed off large amounts of vegetation  in the worst affected areas.
  • A  recent study by climate change experts suggests that a 3 °C rise in world  temperatures by the year 2010 would destroy around 75% of the Amazon.
  • How Can You Help Save Our Planet?

    World Issues

    This week, we will be reading expository text that focus on World Issues. Here are the Top Ten Biggest Problems in the World according to the European Union – a partnership of 28 European countries.

    # 10 – Don’t Know

    *Two percent of the people surveyed said they are still thinking about what the world’s biggest problem is. They answered, they simply didn’t know.

    # 9 – An increase in the number of nuclear weapons

    # 8 – War

    # 7 – Spread of infectious disease

    # 6 – Increase of global population

    # 5 – Availability of energy

      *Seven percent of Europe fears a global blackout.

    # 4 – International terrorism

    # 3 – The economic situation

    # 2 – Climate change

    # 1 – Poverty, hunger, and lack of drinking water


    What are Sweatshops?

    Sweatshop - a factory or workshop, especially in the clothing industry, where manual workers are employed at very low wages for long hours and under poor conditions.

    Sweatshops are illegal here in the United States, but read this:

    "The Department of Labor indicates that 50% of garment factories in the U.S. violate two or more basic labor laws, establishing them as sweatshops. Sweatshops exist wherever there is an opportunity to exploit workers who lack the knowledge and resources to stand up for themselves. Typical sweatshop employees, ninety percent of whom are women, are young and uneducated. Many of them are recent or undocumented immigrants who are unaware of their legal rights. Young women throughout the world are subject to horrible working conditions and innumerable injustices because corporations, many of which are U.S.-owned, can get away with it."

    (From Woman and Global Human Rights- http://www.webster.edu/~woolflm/sweatshops.html)

    Vaccinations Around the World

    What Are Vaccinations?

    Childhood vaccinations have curbed the spread of highly contagious, life-threatening diseases for centuries, yet this is not a common practice in many countries around the world.

    "When we vaccinate children, it stimulates their immune system to make antibodies that protect them against the bacteria or virus targeted by the vaccine," says Kristen Feemster, M.D., an infectious - disease specialist at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

    What is Terrorism?

    Common definitions of terrorism refer only to those violent acts that are intended to create fear (terror); are perpetrated for a religious, political, or ideological goal; and deliberately target or disregard the safety of civilians.

    Major Terrorist Attacks in the U.S.

    Oklahoma City Bombing - The Oklahoma City bombing was a domestic terrorist bomb attack on the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in downtown Oklahoma City on April 19, 1995. Carried out by Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols, the bombing killed 168 people and injured more than 680 others.                         

    Anthrax letters - mysterious letters with anthrax spores were mailed to two US senators and several media outlets, killing five and infecting 17.

    Boston Marathon Bombing – On April 15, 2013, double bombings near the finish line of the Boston Marathon killed three people and injured at least 264.

    Sniper in Washington D.C. - Ten years ago, a man and a teenage boy brought Washington to a standstill over the course of 23 days by randomly killing people engaged in everyday activities such as pumping gas.

    Movie theater shooting – On July 20, 2012, a mass shooting occurred inside of a Century movie theater in Aurora, Colorado, during a midnight screening of the film The Dark Knight Rises. A gunman, dressed in tactical clothing, set off tear gas grenades and shot into the audience with multiple firearms, killing 12 people and injuring 70 others.

    9/11 – The September 11th attacks were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks launched by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda upon the United States in New York City and the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area on Tuesday, September 11, 2001. Killing 2,996 people, two planes were crashed into the Twin Towers, one hit the Pentagon, and one crash-landed in Pennsylvania.

    Big-Time Polluters

    Global Warming and the United States - What is our plan for reducing Global Warming?

    The Evolution of the Phone

    Phones Then and Now

    Texting - Back in the Day


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