John Dewey was a key member in the educational reforms of the 19th century. His philosophy was to teach students through doing, making them do the subject material in place of showing and telling. John Dewey along with Charles Beard, Thorstein Veblen, James Harvey Robinson and Wesley Clair Mitchell, founded The New School, a school that emphasized the free exchange of intellectual ideas in the arts and sciences. During the late 19th century Dewey traveled the country to lecture about his ideas on the education reformation. Another important person in the education reform was Horace Mann. Mann's main contribution to the educational reform was when he ensured that every child could receive basic public education funded by the taxes of the people. Originally this started in Massachusetts, but the idea spread eventually to all of the states across the country. The next very important person in the education reform would be Thomas Gallaudet. Gallaudet was a very well-educated American that became aware of the lack of educational opportunities for the disadvantaged children. In 1817, he changed this when he created the Connecticut Asylum for the Education and Instruction of Deaf and Dumb Persons, this gave mentally and physically impaired children an equal opportunity to learn. Another person that helped the unfortunate gain educational equality was Charles Loring Brace. His ideas aided poor and homeless children, working women, needy families and disabled boys and girls at a time when education for these groups was very difficult to find. Although there are many more people that contributed to the education reforms of the 19th century, the people and events stated in the paragraph were the most important and were very key to the education we currently have in the United States today.
"Absolute silence leads to sadness" -- Rousseau
The significance of this quote is to speak up for what you believe in. If nobody ever spoke for educational reforms, development in the school system never would have happened.
(1) What was the significance of John Dewey and Horace Mann?
(2) What was the effect of Dororthea Dix in arguing for better treatment for the mentally ill?
(3) why has Jean-Jacques Roussea been called the father of the child-study movement?
(4) what was john Dewey's role in the American Pragmatist movement?
(5) Why did Rousseau advocate for a radical withdrawal of the child from society and the natural potential of the child and its curiosity?