By: Alexarae Campo
Stable Food Supply
The Nile River flooded the land and left it rich, helping them get a stable food supply. Ancient Egyptians would hunt birds and other animals near the water. They would also eat wild plants and crops that they planted. People could also catch fish in the river. Part of their daily diet was breads and cereals. Beef and lamb were available to rich and upper class citizens. Some poor and lower class citizens enjoyed beef and lamb at festivals. No one drank directly from the Nile River, they would drink beer brewed from barley. Kids, adults, rich, and poor could drink the beer.
Most people were the same social class as their parents. Most Egyptians would marry people within their social group. Women typically raised children and tended to the house. Upper class women had servants or slaved to help them work. Some women in the upper classes worked as government, doctors, or priestesses. Men were in charge of society. Peasants were the largest social class, they would provide Egyptians with a steady food supply .
Egyptians worshiped over 2,000 gods and goddesses.Grave goods were taken to the coffin so the person who died could bring it with them to the after life. Horus was the son of Osiris and Iris, Egyptians believed Horus gave power to each pharaoh. Egyptians believed Anubis was the god of funerals and death, he was thought to protect the dead. Ra is believed to be the god of creation, and believed he created the world. Osiris is the god of the underworld, it was believed all pharaohs would become an Osiris when they died.
Egyptians had a lot of arts like sculpture, music,paintings, and architectural. Egyptians were the first to make pottery about 4000 BC. Pottery had designs much like earlier rock carvings, showing people, boats and animals. Sculptures began in Egypt about 4,500 BC. These sculptures were small figurines mostly of women. Nobody knows why the artists made them. The statues were replacement bodies for the people who died, to use in the after life. Egyptian artists were also carving on rocks, mostly in upper Egypt. Pictures carved on the tomb walls were supposed to help he or she in the next world. They had drums and rattles that they would make. They would fill the tombs of the pharaohs with sculptures and paintings.
System Of Goverment
Hatshepst was an Egyptian princess who dressed as a man after her husband died to become the next Pharaoh. Her father was the pharaoh Thutmose, she married her step-brother to keep the royal line pure. She became the queen of Egypt after her wedding. She took charge of the country after her husband died, she made buildings and monuments throughout Egypt. One more of her achievements was she made trade between cultures.
Rameses II was considered the greatest pharaoh of ancient Egypt. At age 15 he became prince of Egypt. He then got marries to two main wives; Nefertori and Isetnofret. Then he became pharaoh after his father died. He lead the Egyptian army against Hittites, Syrians, Libyans and Nubians. He was a great builder, but died at the age of 90 he is not buried in the valley of kings.
Senusret ruled from 1971 to 1926 BC. He was one of the most powerful kings. His wife and sister was Neferu. His mother was Nefrytateran. He died and was buried in the middle kingdom. Arts thrived under his rule. He controlled gold,copper and gem mines. He had many temples, shrines and religious monuments.
Khufu ruled from 2551 to 2528 BC. He kept strict control over Egypt's food supply. He was a very cruel, harsh ruler. Not much is known about Khufu.
Advances in Technology.
Hieroglyphics was a big advancement in technology, it was an Egyptian form of writing. Parchment was made and used as paper. Medicine was made one recipe for curing an eye infection is some human brain and honey. They also made toothpaste and toothbrushes. Another invention was temples, pyramids and tombs meant for the pharaoh to be put in after he or she died. First pharaoh's built simple tombs called mastabas. They also made boats out of wood and or papyrus.
The written language system was called hieroglyphics. They were written in any direction and there were 1,000's of symbols. It was mostly written on clay tablets, walls, or papyrus paper. Papyrus paper was made from a tall reed like plant called papyrus. We know what the writing means from the Rosetta stone that was found, written on it was in hieroglyphics and Greek. It helped us translate what the hieroglyphics meant. Each symbol is like a little picture.
Connection Of Then And Now
One thing that they had/did in Ancient Egypt and now is in Egypt they had boats made of wood to cross bodies of water, and we have that now as well. Another thing is they had toothbrushes and toothpaste and we have that now as well. The last thing they had then and we have now is they had a couple system of writing and so do we, we have many ways of writing like cursive, or just normal hand writing, and in different languages too.