Mr. Menna History 2P7
Cars in the 20th Century
In 1903 the Le Roy was built and was the first gasoline-powered car manufactured in Canada. It was built by the Le Roy Manufacturing Co., of Berlin, Ontario, discovered by two brothers Nelson and Milton Good. The Le Roy was similar to the Oldsmobile’s- a popular American vehicle which was a “runabout.” The Le Roy was also a runabout. Runabouts were small vehicles that seated two people. In many models, it had additional seating in the back of the vehicle, known as a jump seat. This car was sold for the price of $650.
Ford Motor Company of Canada
Ford Motor Company of Canada was established in Windsor, Ontario in 1904 by Henry Ford. This company was the first major company to usher automobiles in Canada. It was also Canada's first automobile company to use assembly lines. The Model T was one of the first cars to be made off the assembly line. Assembly lines were a huge turning point in the transportation, which changed the lives of many Canadians and the way they traveled, adding mobility to society.
How assembly lines worked:
McLaughlin-Buick Model 33
- McLaughlin-Buick was the only model built within the year 1911
- Seated five people
- Was a touring car
- Replaced the model 10 from previous year
The Gray-Dort Motor Company was initially a carriages company. During 1915-1925 this company started producing cars and became one of the most successful automobile company in Canada. Gray-Dort Motors was known for their reliable qualities. A Model 4 roadster and a Model 5 touring car were the first 2 cars they produced within the first year.
How the Gray-Dort company all began:
* only watch up to 21 seconds
In 1934, the Chrysler Airflow made a huge shift in car design. Rounded features were the major change, helping the car become more aerodynamic. the unique features stood out from the ordinary boxed shaped vehicles. The rounded completion of the Chrysler Airflow cars started a trend for the future decades.
More about the Chrysler Airflow:
* watch from 23 seconds and on
Dodge automobiles were manufactured with Chrysler's "Fluid Drive" transmissions. Since more car companies had switched to wartime production during World War II, the changes for Dodge during 1940 to 1941 were mainly cosmetic. Fluid drive helped to reduce the use of clutch on a manual transmission and making the car drive smoother with less vibration.The Dodge was Canadian built product.
The following years after World War II, during 1947-1948 there was very few car designs made in Canada. However, customers were eager to purchase cars, even if the cars design was similar to the pre-war vehicles. The Chrysler fleetmaster had a very attractive complex and was a popular seller. Its selling prices ranged between $1200 and $1,900 new. At the end of 1947, 264,584 of the Chrysler Fleetmaster were produced.
General Motors started to produce differently styled cars with unique names such as the Pontiac Pathfinder in 1953. This vehicle had distinctive features that American Pontiac's did not have. The Pontiac Pathfinder was built on a Chevrolet frame, but used a Pontiac engine. At the end of 1953 the Pontiac Pathfinder produced 44,369 vehicles.
The Volkswagen Beetle
The Volkswagen Beetle was Canada's third best-selling car by 1960. The Beetle’s first appearance on the Canadian car market was in 1952. Canadian customers who bought the Beetle loved it for its reliability, simplicity and low gas consumption. They also enjoyed its low price. The Beetle had a very distinctive shape, which made it stand out from the other automobiles at the time.
The Mercury Meteor- Montcalm
The Mercury Meteor is a brand offered by Ford and was a huge success in Canada. In 1961, the cars were smaller and more economical then American cars, which made it popular and uniquely different within Canada. To improve the Montcalm, Canadian names were given to their cars, some such as Niagara, Rideau, and even the Montcalm.
What started off as a good and efficient car, ended up to be one of the worst car within the ending year of 1971. In 1968, Jacques About Of Montreal was a team of workers who began the production of the Manic GT. About, along with his team predicted that they could manufacture around 1,300 cars a year from the Granby, Quebec, assembly plant. Since Renault’s supplies were slow and unreliable, the dependence of the parts coming from Renault, was the downfall of the company. In result, the Granby factory only produced 160 Manic GTs and ended up closing in May of 1971.
The Plymouth Voyager was assembled in Windsor, Ontario. this minivan was a car well-known for its large amount of space within the car, as it could seat up to eight passengers. In 1984, the Plymouth Voyager was said to be Canada’s favourite family vehicle (also known as the “Magic Wagon”).
Toyota Corolla was the all-time world’s best-selling vehicle in 1989. The Corolla’s first appearance in Canada was in the 1970’s. The Corolla, in 1989 was the first Canadian-made Toyota produced at Toyota's new Cambridge, Ontario plant.
Toyota Prius was a gasoline-electric powered hybrid car in 1998, which was a world-wide mass production within its first appearance. This car included air conditioning and electric power, and seated five people. The Prius was not only beneficial for the people but also for the environment because it caused less pollution in the air, making it more eco-friendly from the standard car, powered only by gasoline.
The manufacturing of cars from the 1900's to 2000's has greatly changed. We see this through Assembly lines, which improved the process car production. We also can come to a conclusion that cars overall appearance and performance has changed over the course of the years. From open and more dangerous cars within the 1900's to closed in cars, providing a safer drive in the 2000's, cars have definitely improved to become more reliable, safer and, affordable. In conclusion, cars have made a huge impact for Canada and the rest of the world.