The causes of the American Revolution
The Treaty of Paris:
In 1763, the Treaty of Paris ended the French and Indian War. The treaty was signed by Great Britain, France and Spain. This treaty negotiated the redistribution of the American land between these three countries. Under this treaty, Britain gained all French land east of this Mississippi River and Florida. France gained territories in India, Africa, and the Mediterranean island of Minorca. The Spanish gained Cuba, and land west of the Mississippi River.
The Proclamation of 1763:
The proclamation of 1763 eliminated the option of westward colonialization. King George and his advisors made the proclamation to help calm the Indians fears about land. The Indians kept their land but the Americans lost their newly won prize. The proclamation expanded the length of the colonies, though. They gained the colonies of Quebec, East Florida, and West Florida.
The Sugar Act:
On april 5th 1764, parliament passed a modified verision of the Sugar Act, which was close to its expiration date. The first version made the merchants pay six pence per gallon of molasses. The original had been ignored because of corruption. In the new version, the tax had been decreased from six pence to three pence per gallon. When the tax was enforced, it caused an almost immediate decline in rum sales.
The Stamp Act of 1765:
The stamp act was the first one that was applied directly on the colonists. This tax was placed on any paper documents in the colonies. The reason for this tax was to regain the money that was lost during the Seven Year War, (also known as the French and Indian War). The colonists saw this tax as unconstitutional. The colonies argued that only their representatives could tax them. The colonists mobbed to get tax collectors to resign. In 1766, parliament repealed the tax.
The Boston Massacre:
The Boston massacre occurred on the night of March 5th 1770. Heavy military presence in the Boston area, because of the Townshend Act, caused the massacre. 4,000 troops were deployed into Boston. The British soldiers fired into a crowd due to confusion. Three were killed on the scene, and two died later after the event. The colonists rioted and protested until the decision was made. In the end of the trials for the soldiers, they were not charged with manslaughter or murder.
The Tea Act:
The Tea Act occurred on may 10th, 1773: this act gave the British East India Company a total monopoly over the colonies. This act was considered the catalyst to the Boston tea party. This act was the last straw to the colonists because had been taxed on more and more stuff over the past 12 years. The passing of the Tea Act meant no new taxes on the colonies. The tea act was meant to pull the British East India Company out of debt, not to anger the colonies. The colonists were still angered, which cause the Boston Tea Party.
The Boston Tea Party:
On December 16th , 1773, colonists boarded tea ships and dumped 342 creates of tea in to the Boston Harbor. The reason why this historic event occurred is because the colonists were angered that they were being taxed with out representation in the British government, hence the term “taxation without representation”. In the end, the British government passed the coercive acts.
The Coercive Acts:
The British government was upset with the colonies because of the Boston Tea Party. The Coercive Acts, also known as the Intolerable Acts, were a series of four acts. The aim of these acts were to put things back in order in Boston. The Boston Port Act, which closed the Boston Port until the damages were paid. The Massachusetts Government Act restricted the Massachusetts government. the Administration of Justice Act made Boston officials immune to criminal charges. The Quartering forced colonists to house and serve British troops. the other colonies sent the new England area after the government cut them off.
Lexington and Concord:
The battle of Lexington and Concord was fought on April 19th, 1775. This battle kicked off the American Revolution. On the night of April 18th, 1775, British troops marched from Boston to Concord. Paul Revere and other midnight riders sounded the alarm and the colonial militiamen started towards the British troops. the colonists attacked, which cause the British to flee. This battle started the battles that lead up to American independence.
The Second Continental Congress:
The Second Continental Congress met in Philadelphia, in May 1775. During their meeting the congress commissioned George Washington to be the supreme commander. They also authorized the printing of money. Archibald Bulloch, Dr. Lyman Hall, and Button Gwinnett were the three representatives sent from Georgia to the congress.
The adoption of the Declaration of Independence:
On July 4th, 1776, the colonies adopted the Declaration of independence. By declaring their independence they were able to officially become allies with the French government. They allied with French to have assistance in the Revolutionary War. After it was published the colonies rejoiced and celebrated.
This website was created by Faith Miller and Hailey King. 4th period.