Major Battles

Elise Hackney | Period 5

American Revolution

Lexington & Concord: Battles that initiated the Revolutionary War. British governor Thomas Gage sent troops to Concord to stop the colonists who were gaining weapons. April 19, 1775, the first shots were fired in Lexington, starting the war. The battles resulted in a British retreat to Boston.

Saratoga: Battle in New York, British were outnumbered and were forced to surrender. The American victory was a turning point in the war because it inspired the French to help the colonists fight the British.

Yorktown: This was the winning battle of the Revolution. French ships and colonists trapped British on coast. This showed that France's support was highly valued in th winning of the war.  and what made the French alliance so important.

Winter at Valley Forge: Place where Washington's army spent the winter of 1777-1778; worst time of the war for the Americans; Washington's men were camped during a terrible winter here without supplies, food and medicine. spent winter time to train men, helped their army's technique.

Civil War

Gettysburg: Confederate General Robert E. Lee marched his army with the objective of invading Maryland and Pennsylvania. General Lee also hoped to obtain a victory on northern soil to take attention away from a Confederate loss at Vicksburg, Mississippi. Battle lasted three days and the North won.

Sherman's March to Sea: This was Sherman's destructive route from Atlanta to Savannah in Georgia. Sherman practiced Total War in this move, and destroyed anything and everything, hoping to demoralize the south.

Fort Sumter: first firing of the civil war. North came to get supplies peacefully but south took it as a sign of attacking and fired on the northern ships.

Antietam: two Union soldiers found a copy of Lee's battle Plans. Battle fought at a creek in Maryland. It was the turning point of the war, which allowed President Lincoln to sign the Emancipation Proclamation. It was the bloodiest single-day battle in American history. Also, it prevented the British and French governments from a diplomatic mediation.

Vicksburg: gave north control of Missippi River, helped Morth control and shut down confederate supplies.

Appomattox: This was the location of the last battle. Lee was cornered and forced to surrender. Grant offered generous terms, and the confederates became countrymen again.

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