Cholesteral

LDL : Low- density lipoprotein

           - "Bad cholesterol"

           - Builds up in the walls of the arteries and form plaque

           - REDUCES blood flow; INCREASES risk of heart disease

           - Has more lipids and less protein

HDL : High- density lipoprotein

           - "Good cholesterol"

           - Helps to remove LDL from the body

           - Contains more protein and less lipids

           - Lower risk of heart disease

Monitoring LDL & HDL

- LDL is monitored to make sure that it is not clogging any arteries because that could eventually cause a heart attack/ stroke.

- Monitoring HDL is important to make sure that there is enough in the blood stream.


Heart Disease and Associated Disorders

- If there is more LDL then HDL there is a greater risk for complications. HDL will start to clog arteries that causes stroke, heart attack, etc.


What Else is Monitored?

VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein) - Distributes the triglyceride produced by the liver. Too much VLDL will start to build up in arteries and veins and cause complications.

Triglycerides - fat used to store energy and gives energy to muscles, there is very little found in the blood.

Results of a Cholesterol Test

- Take this test to indicate risk of heart disease about every 5 years

     TOTAL BLOOD CHOLESTEROL LEVEL

  •       High Risk: 240mg/dL and above
  •       Borderline High Risk - 200-239mg/dL
  •       Desirable - Less than 200 mg/dL


To Change Your HDL & LDL Levels

  • Quit smoking
  • Lose weight
  • Exercise
  • Choose Healthier Fats
  • Drink alcohol in moderation


Fats

- Eating fats that are unsaturated is best and will not cause blocked arteries

- Avoid eating foods high in trans fats and saturated fats because that increase the risk of complications with arteries

- Saturated and Trans fat raise cholesterol



http://www.vitals.com/patient-education/high-cholesterol

Citations

"Cholesterol and Triglycerides Blood Test Types." WebMD. WebMD. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/cholesterol-management/cholesterol-and-triglycerides-tests>.

"Cholesterol Tests: Understand Your Results." WebMD. WebMD. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/cholesterol-management/cholesterol-tests-understand-your-results?page=3>.

"Dietary Fat and Cholesterol." Dietary Fat and Cholesterol. 8 Aug. 2014. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. <http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/foodnut/09319.html>.

http://www.ellies-whole-grains.com/flax-seed-and-cholesterol.html#axzz3VFBxtPUA

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