LDL : Low- density lipoprotein
- "Bad cholesterol"
- Builds up in the walls of the arteries and form plaque
- REDUCES blood flow; INCREASES risk of heart disease
- Has more lipids and less protein
HDL : High- density lipoprotein
- "Good cholesterol"
- Helps to remove LDL from the body
- Contains more protein and less lipids
- Lower risk of heart disease
Monitoring LDL & HDL
- LDL is monitored to make sure that it is not clogging any arteries because that could eventually cause a heart attack/ stroke.
- Monitoring HDL is important to make sure that there is enough in the blood stream.
Heart Disease and Associated Disorders
- If there is more LDL then HDL there is a greater risk for complications. HDL will start to clog arteries that causes stroke, heart attack, etc.
What Else is Monitored?
VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein) - Distributes the triglyceride produced by the liver. Too much VLDL will start to build up in arteries and veins and cause complications.
Triglycerides - fat used to store energy and gives energy to muscles, there is very little found in the blood.
Results of a Cholesterol Test
- Take this test to indicate risk of heart disease about every 5 years
TOTAL BLOOD CHOLESTEROL LEVEL
- High Risk: 240mg/dL and above
- Borderline High Risk - 200-239mg/dL
- Desirable - Less than 200 mg/dL
To Change Your HDL & LDL Levels
- Quit smoking
- Lose weight
- Choose Healthier Fats
- Drink alcohol in moderation
- Eating fats that are unsaturated is best and will not cause blocked arteries
- Avoid eating foods high in trans fats and saturated fats because that increase the risk of complications with arteries
- Saturated and Trans fat raise cholesterol
"Cholesterol and Triglycerides Blood Test Types." WebMD. WebMD. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/cholesterol-management/cholesterol-and-triglycerides-tests>.
"Cholesterol Tests: Understand Your Results." WebMD. WebMD. Web. 20 Mar. 2015. <http://www.webmd.com/cholesterol-management/cholesterol-tests-understand-your-results?page=3>.
"Dietary Fat and Cholesterol." Dietary Fat and Cholesterol. 8 Aug. 2014. Web. 23 Mar. 2015. <http://www.ext.colostate.edu/pubs/foodnut/09319.html>.