By : Candi Songer & Danielle Harper
What is a Stroke?
A Stroke is caused by a blocked blood vessel or bleeding in the brain. Within minutes brain cells die.
What are the Causes?
-When blood supply is cut off to your brain, a stroke can happen. It can even be a blocked artery or the leaking/bursting of a blood vessel.
-Some people experience only a temporary loss of blood flow to the brain. ( That is a TIA-transient ischemic attack, which only lasts a few minutes.
What are the symptoms?
-If you have trouble with speaking and understanding (words are slurred)
-Paralysis or numbness of the face, arm, or leg
-Trouble with seeing in one or both eyes
-Trouble with walking
-IF ANY OF THESE SYMPTOMS ARE PRESENT, CALL 911 IMMEDIATELY!!
-This picture is an example of paralysis of the face, trouble seeing out of one eye and possible words could be slurred.
-Your doctor will have you take some tests so they can determine what type of stroke your having. These tests include: -physical examination, -blood tests, -CT scan, -MRI, -Carotid ultrasound, -cerebral angiogram, -Echocardiogram
-Most strokes can be treated with: Medications, Emergency Procedures, and other procedures. Every person's stroke is different so your treatment team will be different.
How often does it happen?
One in every four people will have a stroke in their entire lifetime.
How can it be prevented?
-Strokes can be prevented by: Lowering your blood pressure( try doing this by eating healthier foods.) Loose weight, exercise, take a baby aspirin, treat atrial fibrillation( which is a form of irregular heartbeat.) Treat diabetes, and quit smoking( if you do smoke.)
What are the risk factors?
-There are two types: controllable and uncontrollable.
-Controllable is: high blood pressure, heart disease, atrial fibrillation, diabetes, blood disorders, high cholesterol, overweight, smoking or tobacco use and excessive alcohol.
-Uncontrollable is: age, gender, race, family history, previous stroke or heart attack, TIA, patent foramen ovale( disorder that forms a hole in your heart.)
"Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic." Mayo Clinic - Mayo Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.
"Google." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2015.
"WebMD - Better Information. Better Health." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 11 Feb. 2015.