Impact of Imperialism on China

Opium war, Reform efforts, Rebellions, and the Qing Dynasty

Overview

Imperialism effected China in the sense that it cause them to change their regulations on trade with Europe. It also effected the amount of influence China allowed western culture on their people.

Opium War

          During the late 1700's British merchants began selling Indian-grown Opium to China in exchange for Chinese tea.  After a while, the Chinese became addicted to Opium, forcing them to trade silver (a lot of it) to Britain. The Chinese government soon banned Opium from trade and executed the Chinese drug dealers but when China called on Britain to stop the trade, they refused and demanded the right to free trade. This loose example of imperialism on China represents how one country can control another indirectly by forcing a treaty to be created.

Reform Efforts in China

          In the midst of the 1800's, well-educated Chinese are debating over the amount of influence within China by Europe. Most people saw no need for industrialization due to the fact that most of their wealth and taxes came from the land itself. Most of these scholars were against westernization because they disapproved of adjusting their Confucian order for western missionary ideals.

Rebellion in China

The Taiping rebellion was the most one of the most devastating peasant revolt in Chinese, or even world history. During the rule of Hong Xiuquan (1850-64), peasants' misery and poverty increased, due to widespread corruption throughout the Qing dynasty. There was an estimated 20-30 million deaths during the Taiping rebellion. This particular rebellion resulted in the Qing government sharing power with regional commanders.

Taiping Rebellion

In 1889, there was a group of people known as the Righteous Harmonious Fists wanted to drive out the "foreign devils" or Westerners, that were polluting China with their un-Chinese cultures and ways. This was known as the Boxer Uprising.

"Boxer"

Sources

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