Cervical Cancer

About Cervical Cancer

Cervical cancer is cancer that starts in the cervix. The cervix is the lower part of the uterus (womb) that opens at the top of the vagina.


Women with cervical cancer tend not to have symptoms until the cancer becomes invasive. ... When women do have symptoms of cervical cancer, they can include:

  • irregular vaginal bleeding.
  • vaginal discharge with an unpleasant odor.
  • watery vaginal discharge.
  • vaginal discharge tinged with blood.
  • pelvic or back pain.

Possible Causes

  1. Most cervical cancer is caused by a virus called human pusillanimous, or HPV. You can get HPV by having sexual contact with someone who has it. There are many types of the HPV virus. Not all types of HPV cause cervical cancer.

stages of cancer

Tumor extent (T)

Tis: The cancer cells are only found on the surface of the cervix without growing into deeper tissues.

T1: The cancer cells have grown from the surface layer of the cervix into deeper tissues of the cervix. The cancer may also be growing into the body of the uterus, but it has not grown outside the uterus.

T1a: There is a very small amount of cancer, and it can be seen only under a microscope.

T1a1: The area of cancer is less than 3 mm

T1a2: The area of cancer invasion is between 3 mm and 5 mm

T1b: This stage includes stage I cancers that can be seen without a microscope.

T2: In this stage, the cancer has grown beyond the cervix and uterus, but hasn't spread to the walls of the pelvis.

T2b: The cancer has spread into the tissues next to the cervixs or the lower part of the vagina.

T3: The cancer has spread to the lower part of the vagina or the walls of the pelvis. The cancer may be blocking the ureters.

T4: The cancer has spread to the bladder or rectum or it is growing out of the pelvis

metastasis=the cancer spreads to other organ


There are usually no signs or symptoms of early cervical cancer but it can be detected early with regular check-ups.

one option  is surgery,they find the cancer and remove it.

the second option is Radiation therapy,using different types of light to kill the cancer cells and shrink the tumor

A third option is Chemotherapy,the doctors give you a lot of medication that stops mitosis,however the medication will stop all your cells from reproducing.


In order to get 5-year survival rates, doctors have to look at people who were treated at least 5 years ago. Better treatments since then may mean a better outlook for people now found to have cervical cancer.

remission=is when the cancer has stopped,but it might comeback

cancer Growth

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