Hangzhou City Profile

Background and Overview

Hangzhou is the capital and the largest city of the Zhejiang province. With a population of 8.4 million, t is one of the most advanced and renowned cities of Hangzhou. Hangzhou contains the biggest B2B portal and China's most successful website, Alibaba, headquarters. Even though the current Hangzhou is now drowning in pollution, its beautiful scenery still attracts many tourists. The West Lake is its most famous landmark. Hangzhou falls under the the subprovincial city, the whole metropolitan holds around 20 million people, but the core of Hangzhou only has around 8.4 million people. Hangzhou is one of the fastest growing cities in the world, with an 8% increase in GDP for the past few years. Hangzhou was one of the seven capitals in Chinese history. There were many famous people that came out of Hangzhou, Su Dongpo, Yue Fei, Jack Ma, Su XiaoXiao, and many more. The well known Long Jing tea also originated in Hangzhou. The production by hand of these tea leaves are what make them one of the most royal and expensive Chinese teas in the market.


“How does Hangzhou’s constant growing population of Hangzhou affect its waste management?

“What has the government done to face this issue, and how do the two cities’ solutions differ?” (Especially Landfills)

“What impacts have these solutions made to their respective city?”


Qualitative Data

“In the past, garbage is all around and sewages flow everywhere. However, the surroundings are so clean now. Where is the garbage?” -Resident in Hangzhou after 2011

"Tianziling (Landfill) has kept the living fragments of each Hangzhou citizen." - Someone who used to work in the landfill.

"This experience route is very popular with the public. Currently, more than 100 people come to make an appointment every day. The visiting date has been arranged to June next year,” a relevant director of Hangzhou Environment Group

In April 2011, the city initiated its first ever garbage disposal experience route, including the whole process of garbage cleaning, garbage collection and direct transportation, recycling and ecological restoration, passing through the community waste collection station, solid waste transfer station, Tianziling landfill and methane power plants.

Quantitative Data

In 2009, the city became aware of its waste management problem, and started the first effort to build its first ever amendment, "Hangzhou Mode". The "Hangzhou Mode" implementation includes directly transferring the garbage from the garbage cans to the treatment plant or the transfer station. The Hangzhou Environmental Group got rid of the original 373 human wheel garbage trucks, and invested money into 292 brand new direct transport vehicles, 194 four-wheel battery clean cars just for trash. By 2011, 41 solid waste transfer stations were upgraded in the city. However, there was still an increase in trash generated by the population. From 2011 to 2012, the amount of trash increased by 20 tons. Currently, there are two sanitary landfills in HZ, the Tianziling, and the Xiaoshan, and four incineration plants. These four incinerations plants play a big part in removing the waste. In 2012, it was responsible for disposing 1.23 million tons out of a total of 2.81 million tons of trash generated that year (49.26%).

Explanation and Analysis

Hangzhou has launched multiple programs for an effort to rid the waste over the past few years, with programs improving the transportation of trash, programs upgrading the machinery, and programs on garbage dumps. However, it is shown by the data above it is not as effective as planned. In this fast growing city, the amount of trash generated is still increasing. This problem may be because of the population of Hangzhou. It is quite challenging for the government to manage so many people. Unlike Singapore, Hangzhou is less united, and China overrules and overlooks at everything. Still, looking at the quotes, the residents seem satisfied with the looks of Hangzhou and how there is "less trash" now.

Looking into the future

Seeing that Hangzhou has made some effort to alleviate the waste in the city, I believe Hangzhou would do more. But to do this, the government would have to be quite persuasive. The government can't solve this problem along. Like Singapore, they would have to convince the citizens that there is a major problem and they need to help solve it.  But because Hangzhou has so much space, and its population density is not high, there is still plenty of time and room for it solve this problem.

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