Allusion: a brief or indirect reference to a person, place, thing etc.

Description: Cupid is the god of love and beauty. His mother is Venus and his father is Mercury. He is depicted as having wings, a bow and quiver of arrows, and naked.

Power: Cupid has the power to make two people fall in love.

Why would Shakespeare choose to allude your character?

  • Shakespeare chooses to allude Cupid in “Much Ado About Nothing” to represent the relationship between Beatrice and Benedick.  

Myth: A king had three daughters. The youngest of them was Psyche. She was so beautiful that Aphrodite, the goddess of love, was jealous of her. Even though she was beautiful, mortal men refused to marry her in fear of what Aphrodite might do to them. Her father went to the oracles for advice about what he should do with her and the oracles told him that she must prepare for death. Her father took her to the edge of a cliff and left her there. Soon, Zephyrus found her and took her to a palace with Cupid. Cupid was very insecure about his wings so he made himself invisible so that Psyche would not be scared of him. After falling in love with one another, Cupid invited her sisters to the palace. Her sisters were envious of her and tried to convince her that Cupid was an evil monster. She became paranoid and snuck into his room to kill him but she finally saw Cupid and his wings. After he realised that she saw him, he flew away from her and she went to Aphrodite for her. Aphrodite pretended to help her and gave her a task that no mortal could do to prove her love to Cupid. She was able to complete every task. On the last task, she ended up dying, but Cupid returned to save her by stabbing her with an arrow. Finally, Aphrodite accepted Psyche as Cupid’s wife.

Valentine’s day is associated with Cupid because it represents love.

"Cupid." Cupid. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2015.

"Allusion - Examples and Definition of Allusion." Literary Devices. N.p., 06 July 2013. Web. 07 May 2015.

"Cupid and Psyche." Cupid and Psyche. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 May 2015.

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