Brook Farm

Jamaal and Alex

Slide Share. N.p., n.d. Web. (Brooke Farm Picture)

The Blithedale Romance. N.p., n.d. Web. (N. Hawthorne Picture)

Durning the 1840's, Brook Farm, also called the Brook Farm Institute of Agriculture and Education, was founded in West Roxbury, Mass. The community was created by utopian minister George Ripley and his wife, Sofia. The goal of their utopian society was to balance labor and leisure while working together for the benefit of the greater community. The community was A Joint Stock Company and received its funding from its investors, who lived in the community and tuition collected by the K-12 and Pre-College schools, which were headed by Mrs. Ripley, the farm itself was simple with a few buildings for houses, a school and a church. Brook Farm was part of the utopian movement that was sweeping the North. This movement was a result of the Second Great Awakening, in which Calvinists ideals of predestination and no free will was replaced by the idea of free will and the ability to control one;s destiny, a departure from the earlier Puritan ideals. Many flocked to these fledging communities including literary master, Nathaniel Hawthorne who was quoted saying that " most joyfully could I [Hawthorne] dwell there (Hawthorne at Brook Farm: Introduction. Terri Whitney, n.d. Web.)"  for its beauty and equality for all. Hawthorne's views represented the majority of utopians and their reasoning for moving away from a capitalistic society to a  socialist society. However, like other utopians communities, Brook Farms quasi-socialism resulted in the the financial instability and in 1847, lasting less than a decade. This relationship with socialist ideals was short lived and while the inhabitants of Brooke Farm looked back fondly at their experience, capitalism won in the end, due to the short-comings of socialism. 'Murica

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