Economic Policies Under Stalin

STALIN'S AIMS

a vast reformation and revolution of the Soviet economy prior to this,

resolution by the Congress that aimed to completely alter the Soviet economy wanted to turn into reality

The modernization of the Soviet economy:

two methods

collectivization and industrialization Soviet state took over the running of the nation's economy called it the second revolutionwanted to catch up with the west and confirm his authority as a leader
revolution from above versus revolution from below

gosplan created under Lenin however Stalin's plan was different because it was a larger scale and more thorough the state controlled everything also confirmed his authority"either we do it shall be crushed."

he took all the farms from the peasants and gave it to the state the peasants could not make a profit would put you everything and get a wage

collective farms and state farms large farms more efficient/machinery less workers more capital
started as voluntary

surplus peasants to factory workers

the kulaks

taking the best land and using peasant labor, keeping produce prices high

actually a myth: just hard working peasants was very powerful and encouraged kulaks were attacked

not enough grain

Peasant response:

civil war

confused

ate all their livestock and crops

famine

Stalin said there was no famine

small successes: spread of technology and people leaving for the factories


Industrialization

described it as making a war economy iron steel and oil
five Four Year Plans

Only said what was to be done and not how

local officials falsified figures this made Stalin optimistic, drew up a new plan with too high figures second and third: more realistic
Successes:

high figures; cultural revolution

Problems

Resistance as sabotage: nationalism

huge game of pretence; scapegoats; purges; consumer goods and living standards; modern industrial methods were not adopted; no long term plan

To what extent did Stalin bring about change in the 1930s?

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