Afghanistan

Country Basics

Name of Country:

Afghanistan

Capital:

Kabul

The meaning of the flag:

To declare independence from the UK

Geography

Location:

South Asia- surrounded by Iran, Pakistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and China

Major Landforms:

Hindu Kish and Vakhan Mountains

Major Landmarks:

Balkh- an ancient city in Afghanistan

Major bodies of water:

Amu Darya- a river that runs along the northern border of Afghanistan

How the environment affects the citizen's lives:

Damaging earthquakes in Hindu Kush Mountains;

flooding and droughts occur

Government

Type of Government:

Islamic Republic

Leader:

Hamid Karzai

How are leaders chosen:

Direct vote for five year term

Rights, Roles and Responsibilities of Citizens:

All citizens (men and women) have equal rights; someone convicted of a crime is innocent until proven guilty by the courts; freedom of speech; all citizens must pay taxes; education is the right of all citizens; the defense of the country is everyone's responsibility

Economy

Rich or Poor Nation:

Poor

Currency:

Afghani

Imports:

Machinery and other goods, food, textiles, petroleum products

Exports:

Opium, fruits and nuts, hand-woven carpets, wool, cotton, hides and pelts, precious and semi-precious gems.

Economic Indicators:

Life Expectancy Rate:

  Male-49.17; Female- 51.88

Birth Rate:

38.84 births/1,000 people

Literacy Rate:

Total population - 28.1%

Male- 43.1%; Female- 12.6%

Clean Water Rate:

64.2% population have clean water

35.8% population do not have clean water

Culture

Traditional and Modern Clothing:

Cotton Shirts and Puffy Trousers

Major Language:

Afghan Persian or Dari- 50%

Pashto- 35%

Music:

Attah- war song;

No real pop music... traditional and musical instruments exist.

Holidays:

Liberation Day, Nauruz (Afghanistan New Year), Victory Day,

Independence Day

Religions:

Sunni Muslim- 80%

Shia Muslim- 19%

Other- 1%

Food:

Qubli Pulao, Kababs, Qorma, Mantu, Shorma, Breads, Rice Dishes, KhameerbobLiberation spices like saffron, coriander, cardamom and black pepper

Entertainment:

Soccer and cricket

Climate

General Weather Conditions:

Arid and Semi-arid

Average Yearly Rainfall:

327mm/year (mostly in February-April)

Average Yearly Temperature:

66.5 degrees Farenheit

How the climate affects the country:

Cold winters and hot summers

History

Historical Events:

1838-1842: British forces invade and install King Shah Sharjah. He is assented in 1842.  British and Indian troops are massacred during retreat from Kabul.

1919: Emir Amanullah Khan declares independence from British influence.

Compare and Contrast

The End

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