Animal Webquest

Vertebrate Definition: An animal containing a backbone including mammals, fish, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.
Characteristics: Large size body, proportioned structure, cranium, spinal cord, closed circulatory system with four chambers in the heart.

Invertebrate Definition: An animal lacking a backbone, the exact opposite of a Vertebrate.
Characteristics: Multi cellular, no backbone, no cell walls, most have tissues.

3. Eukaryotic, multicellular, heterotrophic, motile.

4. 97% invertebrates, 3% vertebrates

Basic characteristics/features/structures/interesting or unique information:
-Two main groups of fish, bony fish (Teleosts) and cartilaginous fish (Elasmobranchs).
- Absorb dissolved oxygen through their gills.
- Goldfish live the longest, 10-30 years
- Cold blooded
- Fishes move by creating a wave motion that moves the length of its body.
Scientific Names:
1) Blobfish-Psychrolutes marcidus
2) Garfish- Belone belone

There are about 32,700 species of fish

Basic characteristics/features/structures/interesting or unique information:
-put into 3 categories: Anura, Caudata or Urodela, and Gymnophiona or Apoda
- cold-blooded
- both predator and prey and are extremely important to balance things out in the food web.
- about 7,000 amphibians can go extinct in out lifetime.
- 2,000-3,000 extremely threatened at the moment
Scientific Names
1) American Bullfrog- Rana catesbeiana
2) Salamander- Caudata


Number of species: about 6,550

Basic characteristics/features/structures/interesting or unique information:
- 4 groups - turtles, Squamata, crocodilians, tuataras
- reptiles appeared about 340 million years ago
- reptiles are tetrapods
- cold blooded
-Some of the largest reptiles alive today include the leatherback turtle, the Komodo dragon, and the saltwater crocodile
Scientific Names
1) hawksbill turtle- Eretmochelys imbricata
2) Parson's Chameleon- Calumma parsonii


Number of species: 8,000

Basic characteristics/features/structures/interesting or unique information:
-earliest bird lived about 150 million years ago
- all birds reproduce by laying eggs
- do not have teeth
- largest bird is the ostrich
- feathers are unique to birds
Scientific Names
1) ostrich- Struthio camelus
2) rock dove- Columba livia


Number of species: 9,865

Basic characteristics/features/structures/interesting or unique information:
- have a four chambered heart
- have hair
- jaw is only made of one bone
- have 3 bones in their middle ear
- capable of regulating their own body temperature
Scientific Names
1) Polar Bear- Ursus maritimus
2) Cheeta- Acinonyx jubatus
Number of species:5,416

Flat Worms
Charcteristics: invertebrates, soft and paper thin, bilateral symmetry, brain is small cluster of nerves.
Scientific Name: Flatworm Platyhelminthes
Planarians: TurbellariaCites:
Types: 20,000

Round Worms
Charcteristics: 3 cell layers, one way digestive system, seperate sexes, contain longitudinal muscles only.
Scientific Name: Phlyum Namtoda
Pinworm: EnterobiusCites:
Types: 15,000

Annelid Worms
Characteristics: symmetrical bodies, a true coelum, and the ability to regenerate.
Scientific Name: Myrianida pachycera
Earthworm: Lumbricina
Cites: 17,000

Characteristics: symmetrical bodies, mantle secrestes a hard shell, and an open circulatory system.
Scientific Name: Molluscs Mollusca
Conch: Strombus
Cites: 6

Characteristics: water vascular system, no heart, eyes, or brain, they have "tube" feet, radial symmetry.
Scientific Name: Echinoderm Echinodermata
Sea Star: Asteroidea
Cites: over 6,000

Characteristics: exoskeletons, segmented bodies, jointed appendages, bilateral symmetry, and open circukatory system.
Scientific Name: Pandinus Imperator
Crustaceans: Crustacea
Cites: 1.1 million







Round Worms

Annelid Worms




By: Blake Armstrong and Sara Maherali

Comment Stream