Animal Webquest

Vertebrate Definition: An animal containing a backbone including mammals, fish, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.
Characteristics: Large size body, proportioned structure, cranium, spinal cord, closed circulatory system with four chambers in the heart.

Invertebrate Definition: An animal lacking a backbone, the exact opposite of a Vertebrate.
Characteristics: Multi cellular, no backbone, no cell walls, most have tissues.

3. Eukaryotic, multicellular, heterotrophic, motile.

4. 97% invertebrates, 3% vertebrates

Fish
Basic characteristics/features/structures/interesting or unique information:
-Two main groups of fish, bony fish (Teleosts) and cartilaginous fish (Elasmobranchs).
- Absorb dissolved oxygen through their gills.
- Goldfish live the longest, 10-30 years
- Cold blooded
- Fishes move by creating a wave motion that moves the length of its body.
Scientific Names:
1) Blobfish-Psychrolutes marcidus
2) Garfish- Belone belone

http://animals.about.com/od/fishes/a/tenfactsfishes.htm

http://theiwrc.org/kids/Facts/Fish/fish.htm

There are about 32,700 species of fish


AMPHIBIANS
Basic characteristics/features/structures/interesting or unique information:
-put into 3 categories: Anura, Caudata or Urodela, and Gymnophiona or Apoda
- cold-blooded
- both predator and prey and are extremely important to balance things out in the food web.
- about 7,000 amphibians can go extinct in out lifetime.
- 2,000-3,000 extremely threatened at the moment
Scientific Names
1) American Bullfrog- Rana catesbeiana
2) Salamander- Caudata

Links:
http://www.amphibianark.org/education/what-are-amphibians/
http://www.californiaherps.com/salamanders/salamanders.html

Number of species: about 6,550


Reptiles
Basic characteristics/features/structures/interesting or unique information:
- 4 groups - turtles, Squamata, crocodilians, tuataras
- reptiles appeared about 340 million years ago
- reptiles are tetrapods
- cold blooded
-Some of the largest reptiles alive today include the leatherback turtle, the Komodo dragon, and the saltwater crocodile
Scientific Names
1) hawksbill turtle- Eretmochelys imbricata
2) Parson's Chameleon- Calumma parsonii

Links:
http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/reptiles/
http://www.arkive.org/reptiles/

Number of species: 8,000

Birds
Basic characteristics/features/structures/interesting or unique information:
-earliest bird lived about 150 million years ago
- all birds reproduce by laying eggs
- do not have teeth
- largest bird is the ostrich
- feathers are unique to birds
Scientific Names
1) ostrich- Struthio camelus
2) rock dove- Columba livia

Links:
http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/search
http://www.birds.cornell.edu/Page.aspx?pid=1478

Number of species: 9,865

Mammals
Basic characteristics/features/structures/interesting or unique information:
- have a four chambered heart
- have hair
- jaw is only made of one bone
- have 3 bones in their middle ear
- capable of regulating their own body temperature
Scientific Names
1) Polar Bear- Ursus maritimus
2) Cheeta- Acinonyx jubatus
Links:
http://nationalzoo.si.edu/Animals/AfricanSavanna/fact-cheetah.cfm
http://www.nps.gov/grba/naturescience/list-of-mammals.htm
Number of species:5,416

Flat Worms
Charcteristics: invertebrates, soft and paper thin, bilateral symmetry, brain is small cluster of nerves.
Scientific Name: Flatworm Platyhelminthes
Planarians: TurbellariaCites: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/platyhelminthes/platyhelminthes.htmlhttp://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/209735/flatworm
Types: 20,000

Round Worms
Charcteristics: 3 cell layers, one way digestive system, seperate sexes, contain longitudinal muscles only.
Scientific Name: Phlyum Namtoda
Pinworm: EnterobiusCites: http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/condition/roundwormshttp://www.cdph.ca.gov/healthinfo/discond/Documents/Roundworms.pdf
Types: 15,000

Annelid Worms
Characteristics: symmetrical bodies, a true coelum, and the ability to regenerate.
Scientific Name: Myrianida pachycera
Earthworm: Lumbricina
Cites: http://encina.pntic.mec.es/~nmeb0000/invertebrates/anelidos/anelidos2.htmlhttp://www.ento.csiro.au/education/allies/annelida.htmlTypes: 17,000

Mollusks
Characteristics: symmetrical bodies, mantle secrestes a hard shell, and an open circulatory system.
Scientific Name: Molluscs Mollusca
Conch: Strombus
Cites: http://www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/taxa/inverts/mollusca/mollusca.phphttp://www.biokids.umich.edu/critters/Mollusca/Types: 6

Echinoderms
Characteristics: water vascular system, no heart, eyes, or brain, they have "tube" feet, radial symmetry.
Scientific Name: Echinoderm Echinodermata
Sea Star: Asteroidea
Cites: http://www.oceanicresearch.org/education/wonders/echinoderm.htmlhttp://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/accounts/Echinodermata/Types: over 6,000

Arthropods
Characteristics: exoskeletons, segmented bodies, jointed appendages, bilateral symmetry, and open circukatory system.
Scientific Name: Pandinus Imperator
Crustaceans: Crustacea
Cites: http://insected.arizona.edu/arthroinfo.htmlhttp://www.pbs.org/kcet/shapeoflife/animals/arthropods.htmlTypes: 1.1 million

Fish

Amphibians

Reptiles

Birds

Mammals

Flatworms

Round Worms

Annelid Worms

Mollusks

Echinoderms

Arthropods

By: Blake Armstrong and Sara Maherali

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