England in the High Middle Ages
By Matthew and Brody
Kings and Queens and Barons, oh my!
Kings of England
Henry II: Hardworking son of Geoffrey, ascended to power in 1150, at the age of just 17. Energetic, and had an ambition to give more power to the throne. After complications around the middle of his reign in 1173, a Great Revolt began, supported by France and Scotland and Flanders. The leaders of the revolt included angry barons, the king's sons, and even his own father, Geoffrey.
Edward I: Otherwise known as Edward Longshanks, he was coronated in the year 1274 (although he began ruling in '72). One of the many greedier kings of England during its middle ages, Longshanks began to raise taxes, start large-spread seizures* of clothing and other goods. In response, a man named Roger Bigod gathered support to strike down the king's authority, forcing him to stop the unnecessary taxation. After Edward attempted to conquer Flanders, and came back with a much smaller army, Bigod met them with his own forces, and made the king sign and administer the power of the Magna Carta (which he previously disregarded), returning the tax to a normal rate and diminishing the power of the King (which in turn returned a decent amount of power to the barons). The Magna Carta itself was first decreed by King John, after another uprising involving Barons, and the document bolstered the power of the multiple Barons and took power away from the singular king.
*Not an actual seizure, just taking things by force.
Also referenced to as the House of France, it was a series of bloodline rulers whom controlled France and also had a big impact on its development. Each new "House" would last up until a change in lineage was made by marriage or birthright. The entire Capetian Dynasty began with Harold Capet (hence the term Capetian). His descendants controlled the French monarchy from 1011 all the way to 1404.
The Norman Conquest
The Norman Conquest was an invasion of England by a collective army of French, Norman, and Breton soldiers led by William. William (the conqueror) took control of England during this time, and led an occupation of the country that lasted for many years (1066-1076). Major battles include the Battle of Hastings, where William first led his troops and began the conquest of England, and the Revolt of Earls, which was one of the last revolts from the English against the occupation. the revolts failed, and for many years Normanish kings ruled over England
Video: The Magna Carta
CTQ: Why is the Magna Carta an important document in the development of Democracy? How is this evident with its original use?
Watts, Tim. "Edward I." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014
"Magna_Carta." National Archives and Records Administration. National Archives and Records Administration. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. .
"Henry II." World History: Ancient and Medieval Eras. ABC-CLIO, 2014. Web. 17 Dec. 2014.
"HISTORY OF FRANCE." HISTORY OF FRANCE. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. .
Pictures and video -
"Magna Carta - Timelines.tv History of Britain B03." YouTube. YouTube. Web. 17 Dec. 2014. .
Web. 17 Dec. 2014. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f8/Norman-conquest-1066.svg/2000px-Norman-conquest-1066.svg.png>.
Web. 17 Dec. 2014. <http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/3/35/Henry_II_of_England_cropped.jpg/211px-Henry_II_of_England_cropped.jpg>.